Energy Saving Mechanisms for MAC Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks

Moshaddique Al Ameen, S. M.Riazul Islam, Kyungsup Kwak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)


Energy efficiency is a primary requirement in a wireless sensor network (WSN). This is a major design parameter in medium access control (MAC) protocols for WSN due to limited resources in sensor nodes that include low battery power. Hence a proposed MAC protocol must be energy efficient by reducing the potential energy wastes. Developing such a MAC protocol has been a hot research area in WSN. To avoid wasting the limited energy, various energy saving mechanisms are proposed for MAC protocols. These mechanisms have a common design objectiveto save energy to maximize the network lifetime. This paper presents a survey on various energy saving mechanisms that are proposed for MAC protocols in WSN. We present a detailed discussion of these mechanisms and discuss their strengths and weaknesses. We also discuss MAC protocols that use these energy saving mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number163413
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes


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