China's recent economic success resulted, to a great extent, from the release of the entrepreneurial potential inherent in its business sectors. Yet, entrepreneurship education as a whole remains a relatively new concept and practice, in particular in the higher education sector. This explorative article reviews the recent developments in entrepreneurship education within higher educational institutions in China. The context of these developments and the emerging models in entrepreneurship education are highlighted. The critical factors that will shape the directions of entrepreneurship education are discussed and summarised.