Evaluation of gellan gum fluid gels as modified release oral liquids

Mohammed H. Mahdi, Barbara R. Conway, Alan M. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


Oral liquids are often preferred for drug administration to patients for whom swallowing is difficult, however, formulating modified release versions can be challenging. A potential route to achieve modified release in oral liquids is by using fluid (sheared) gels formed by introducing a shear field during gelation in gel-forming biopolymers. These fluid gels can act as pourable viscoelastic fluids but retain true gel micro/nano structure. Here, we have demonstrated that fluid gels have potential as paediatric oral liquids preventing release of ibuprofen in simulated gastric fluid. Subsequent release at pH 7.4 was affected by the duration of exposure and magnitude of acid pH with a linear relationship between onset of release and the preceding acidic exposure duration. Delayed release was a result of increasing gel stiffness, a consequence of the acidity of the initial release media and exposure time. A much faster release rate was measured when exposure time in acid was 10 min compared with 60 min. This study highlights the potential to design fluid gels that are tuned to have a specified stiffness at a particular pH and exposure time. This could enable the preparation oral liquids with modified release behaviour.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-343
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Issue number1-2
Early online date27 Aug 2014
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2014


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