Evaluation of the mucoadhesive properties of chitosan nanoparticles prepared using different chitosan to tripolyphosphate (CS:TPP) ratios

Ezzeddin Hejjaji, Alan Smith, Gordon Morris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)


Mucoadhesive molecules such as chitosan, can allow targeting of a particular tissue to prolong residence time and subsequently improve bioavailability. The purpose of this study was to investigate chitosan-tripolyphosphate (CS:TPP) nanoparticles and to evaluate the interaction between nanoparticles of different CS:TPP ratios with mucin using viscosity, particle size analysis and ζ-potential. For all CS:TPP ratios examined, a minimum value of viscosity was reached for a 3:1 CS:TPP ratio, however chitosan nanoparticles at this ratio were not stable (<+30 mV), whereas a CS:TPP ratio of 4:1 displayed the strongest interaction. This suggests a minimum CS:TPP ratio of 4:1 is required to produce stable nanoparticles able to form strong interactions, which is consistent with a greater mucin binding efficiencies at CS:TPP ratios of 4:1 and higher, which were quantified using a colorimetric assay. Further analysis of similar systems could lead potentially to tuneable chitosan nanoparticles for specific applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1610-1617
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Early online date30 Sep 2018
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018


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