Mucoadhesive molecules such as chitosan, can allow targeting of a particular tissue to prolong residence time and subsequently improve bioavailability. The purpose of this study was to investigate chitosan-tripolyphosphate (CS:TPP) nanoparticles and to evaluate the interaction between nanoparticles of different CS:TPP ratios with mucin using viscosity, particle size analysis and ζ-potential. For all CS:TPP ratios examined, a minimum value of viscosity was reached for a 3:1 CS:TPP ratio, however chitosan nanoparticles at this ratio were not stable (<+30 mV), whereas a CS:TPP ratio of 4:1 displayed the strongest interaction. This suggests a minimum CS:TPP ratio of 4:1 is required to produce stable nanoparticles able to form strong interactions, which is consistent with a greater mucin binding efficiencies at CS:TPP ratios of 4:1 and higher, which were quantified using a colorimetric assay. Further analysis of similar systems could lead potentially to tuneable chitosan nanoparticles for specific applications.
|Number of pages
|International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
|Early online date
|30 Sep 2018
|Published - Dec 2018