Evaluation of the mucoadhesive properties of chitosan nanoparticles prepared using different chitosan to tripolyphosphate (CS:TPP) ratios

Ezzeddin Hejjaji, Alan Smith, Gordon Morris

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mucoadhesive molecules such as chitosan, can allow targeting of a particular tissue to prolong residence time and subsequently improve bioavailability. The purpose of this study was to investigate chitosan-tripolyphosphate (CS:TPP) nanoparticles and to evaluate the interaction between nanoparticles of different CS:TPP ratios with mucin using viscosity, particle size analysis and ζ-potential. For all CS:TPP ratios examined, a minimum value of viscosity was reached for a 3:1 CS:TPP ratio, however chitosan nanoparticles at this ratio were not stable (<+30 mV), whereas a CS:TPP ratio of 4:1 displayed the strongest interaction. This suggests a minimum CS:TPP ratio of 4:1 is required to produce stable nanoparticles able to form strong interactions, which is consistent with a greater mucin binding efficiencies at CS:TPP ratios of 4:1 and higher, which were quantified using a colorimetric assay. Further analysis of similar systems could lead potentially to tuneable chitosan nanoparticles for specific applications.

LanguageEnglish
Pages1610-1617
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume120
Early online date30 Sep 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

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Chitosan
Nanoparticles
Mucins
Viscosity
triphosphoric acid
Zeta potential
Systems Analysis
Particle Size
Particle size analysis
Biological Availability
Assays
Tissue
Molecules

Cite this

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title = "Evaluation of the mucoadhesive properties of chitosan nanoparticles prepared using different chitosan to tripolyphosphate (CS:TPP) ratios",
abstract = "Mucoadhesive molecules such as chitosan, can allow targeting of a particular tissue to prolong residence time and subsequently improve bioavailability. The purpose of this study was to investigate chitosan-tripolyphosphate (CS:TPP) nanoparticles and to evaluate the interaction between nanoparticles of different CS:TPP ratios with mucin using viscosity, particle size analysis and ζ-potential. For all CS:TPP ratios examined, a minimum value of viscosity was reached for a 3:1 CS:TPP ratio, however chitosan nanoparticles at this ratio were not stable (<+30 mV), whereas a CS:TPP ratio of 4:1 displayed the strongest interaction. This suggests a minimum CS:TPP ratio of 4:1 is required to produce stable nanoparticles able to form strong interactions, which is consistent with a greater mucin binding efficiencies at CS:TPP ratios of 4:1 and higher, which were quantified using a colorimetric assay. Further analysis of similar systems could lead potentially to tuneable chitosan nanoparticles for specific applications.",
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author = "Ezzeddin Hejjaji and Alan Smith and Gordon Morris",
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AU - Hejjaji, Ezzeddin

AU - Smith, Alan

AU - Morris, Gordon

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N2 - Mucoadhesive molecules such as chitosan, can allow targeting of a particular tissue to prolong residence time and subsequently improve bioavailability. The purpose of this study was to investigate chitosan-tripolyphosphate (CS:TPP) nanoparticles and to evaluate the interaction between nanoparticles of different CS:TPP ratios with mucin using viscosity, particle size analysis and ζ-potential. For all CS:TPP ratios examined, a minimum value of viscosity was reached for a 3:1 CS:TPP ratio, however chitosan nanoparticles at this ratio were not stable (<+30 mV), whereas a CS:TPP ratio of 4:1 displayed the strongest interaction. This suggests a minimum CS:TPP ratio of 4:1 is required to produce stable nanoparticles able to form strong interactions, which is consistent with a greater mucin binding efficiencies at CS:TPP ratios of 4:1 and higher, which were quantified using a colorimetric assay. Further analysis of similar systems could lead potentially to tuneable chitosan nanoparticles for specific applications.

AB - Mucoadhesive molecules such as chitosan, can allow targeting of a particular tissue to prolong residence time and subsequently improve bioavailability. The purpose of this study was to investigate chitosan-tripolyphosphate (CS:TPP) nanoparticles and to evaluate the interaction between nanoparticles of different CS:TPP ratios with mucin using viscosity, particle size analysis and ζ-potential. For all CS:TPP ratios examined, a minimum value of viscosity was reached for a 3:1 CS:TPP ratio, however chitosan nanoparticles at this ratio were not stable (<+30 mV), whereas a CS:TPP ratio of 4:1 displayed the strongest interaction. This suggests a minimum CS:TPP ratio of 4:1 is required to produce stable nanoparticles able to form strong interactions, which is consistent with a greater mucin binding efficiencies at CS:TPP ratios of 4:1 and higher, which were quantified using a colorimetric assay. Further analysis of similar systems could lead potentially to tuneable chitosan nanoparticles for specific applications.

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