Examination and Interpretation of Bare Footprints in Forensic Investigations

Wesley Vernon, Sarah Reel, Nicolas Howsam

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


While there has been interest in the use of bare footprints in forensic investigations, it is only in recent times that this field has become more established through research and subsequent practice. The work of a footprint examiner is to analyze, compare and evaluate footprint evidence that has been linked to a crime scene, in the form of either bare, socked or insole foot marks. The work is often, although not exclusively, carried out by forensic podiatrists. This review outlines the methods for forensically examining two-dimensional footprint evidence, validated by underpinning research, and provides a critique of such. It also provides an overview of past influences, present policy guiding quality frameworks and recommendations for further research in forensic footprint examination.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalResearch and Reports in Forensic Medical Science
Publication statusPublished - 7 Oct 2020


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