Examining Dark Triad Traits in Relation to Mental Toughness and Physical Activity in Young Adults

Sarah Sabouri, Markus Gerber, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Sakari Lemola, Peter Clough, Nadeem Kalak, Mahin Shamsi, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract


Objective:
The Dark Triad (DT) describes a set of three closely related personality traits: Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy. Mental toughness (MT) refers to a psychological construct combining confidence, commitment, control, and challenge. High MT is related to greater physical activity (PA) and, relative to men, women have lower MT scores. The aims of the present study were 1) to investigate the association between DT, MT, and PA, and 2) to compare the DT, MT, and PA scores of men and women.

Methods:
A total of 341 adults (M=29 years; 51.6% women; range: 18–37 years) took part in the study. Participants completed a series of questionnaires assessing DT, MT, and PA.

Results:
Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy were all significantly associated with higher MT scores (rs =0.45, 0.50, and 0.20, respectively). DT traits and MT were associated with more vigorous PA. Compared to men, women participants had lower scores for DT traits (overall score and psychopathy), while no differences were found for MT or PA in both sexes.

Conclusion:
DT traits, high MT, and vigorous PA are interrelated. This pattern of results might explain why, for instance, successful professional athletes can at the same time be tough and ruthless.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-235
Number of pages7
JournalNeuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes

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Young Adult
Exercise
Machiavellianism
Narcissism
Athletes
Personality
Psychology

Cite this

Sabouri, Sarah ; Gerber, Markus ; Bahmani, Dena Sadeghi ; Lemola, Sakari ; Clough, Peter ; Kalak, Nadeem ; Shamsi, Mahin ; Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith ; Brand, Serge. / Examining Dark Triad Traits in Relation to Mental Toughness and Physical Activity in Young Adults. In: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment. 2016 ; Vol. 12. pp. 229-235.
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abstract = "Objective: The Dark Triad (DT) describes a set of three closely related personality traits: Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy. Mental toughness (MT) refers to a psychological construct combining confidence, commitment, control, and challenge. High MT is related to greater physical activity (PA) and, relative to men, women have lower MT scores. The aims of the present study were 1) to investigate the association between DT, MT, and PA, and 2) to compare the DT, MT, and PA scores of men and women.Methods: A total of 341 adults (M=29 years; 51.6{\%} women; range: 18–37 years) took part in the study. Participants completed a series of questionnaires assessing DT, MT, and PA.Results: Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy were all significantly associated with higher MT scores (rs =0.45, 0.50, and 0.20, respectively). DT traits and MT were associated with more vigorous PA. Compared to men, women participants had lower scores for DT traits (overall score and psychopathy), while no differences were found for MT or PA in both sexes.Conclusion: DT traits, high MT, and vigorous PA are interrelated. This pattern of results might explain why, for instance, successful professional athletes can at the same time be tough and ruthless.",
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Sabouri, S, Gerber, M, Bahmani, DS, Lemola, S, Clough, P, Kalak, N, Shamsi, M, Holsboer-Trachsler, E & Brand, S 2016, 'Examining Dark Triad Traits in Relation to Mental Toughness and Physical Activity in Young Adults', Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, vol. 12, pp. 229-235. https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S97267

Examining Dark Triad Traits in Relation to Mental Toughness and Physical Activity in Young Adults. / Sabouri, Sarah; Gerber, Markus; Bahmani, Dena Sadeghi; Lemola, Sakari; Clough, Peter; Kalak, Nadeem; Shamsi, Mahin; Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith; Brand, Serge.

In: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, Vol. 12, 27.01.2016, p. 229-235.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Examining Dark Triad Traits in Relation to Mental Toughness and Physical Activity in Young Adults

AU - Sabouri, Sarah

AU - Gerber, Markus

AU - Bahmani, Dena Sadeghi

AU - Lemola, Sakari

AU - Clough, Peter

AU - Kalak, Nadeem

AU - Shamsi, Mahin

AU - Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith

AU - Brand, Serge

PY - 2016/1/27

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N2 - Objective: The Dark Triad (DT) describes a set of three closely related personality traits: Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy. Mental toughness (MT) refers to a psychological construct combining confidence, commitment, control, and challenge. High MT is related to greater physical activity (PA) and, relative to men, women have lower MT scores. The aims of the present study were 1) to investigate the association between DT, MT, and PA, and 2) to compare the DT, MT, and PA scores of men and women.Methods: A total of 341 adults (M=29 years; 51.6% women; range: 18–37 years) took part in the study. Participants completed a series of questionnaires assessing DT, MT, and PA.Results: Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy were all significantly associated with higher MT scores (rs =0.45, 0.50, and 0.20, respectively). DT traits and MT were associated with more vigorous PA. Compared to men, women participants had lower scores for DT traits (overall score and psychopathy), while no differences were found for MT or PA in both sexes.Conclusion: DT traits, high MT, and vigorous PA are interrelated. This pattern of results might explain why, for instance, successful professional athletes can at the same time be tough and ruthless.

AB - Objective: The Dark Triad (DT) describes a set of three closely related personality traits: Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy. Mental toughness (MT) refers to a psychological construct combining confidence, commitment, control, and challenge. High MT is related to greater physical activity (PA) and, relative to men, women have lower MT scores. The aims of the present study were 1) to investigate the association between DT, MT, and PA, and 2) to compare the DT, MT, and PA scores of men and women.Methods: A total of 341 adults (M=29 years; 51.6% women; range: 18–37 years) took part in the study. Participants completed a series of questionnaires assessing DT, MT, and PA.Results: Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy were all significantly associated with higher MT scores (rs =0.45, 0.50, and 0.20, respectively). DT traits and MT were associated with more vigorous PA. Compared to men, women participants had lower scores for DT traits (overall score and psychopathy), while no differences were found for MT or PA in both sexes.Conclusion: DT traits, high MT, and vigorous PA are interrelated. This pattern of results might explain why, for instance, successful professional athletes can at the same time be tough and ruthless.

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KW - Mental toughness

KW - Physical activity

KW - Young adults

KW - Sex

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