Experiment 1: On Reading Process of Schoolbook in Two Formats (Electronic and Paper Formats)

Joan Lu, Azza A. Abubaker

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


In order to be sure that the level of e-text usability in early education can be improved, the following questions should be answered by the end of this chapter: RQ1: What are the existing prototypes (structure) of schoolbooks in primary education (PE)? RQ2: How are students interacting with schoolbooks in the electronic and printed version? RQ3: Is there a difference in the reading process between e-school textbook and p-school text-book? Quantitative and qualitative data were used in order to answer these three questions. The outcome was two flow charts which explain the interactions among students when reading e- schoolbook and paper schoolbook. In addition, it draws a clear picture of the design and structure of schoolbooks in Libya which are similar to schoolbooks used in other Arabic countries at the same educational level. The chapter comprises two main sections. The first section presents the data collection methods and research type. The second section displays the results of the observation. The chapter ends with a conclusion highlighting the main points that has discussed in the chapter.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationExamining Information Retrieval and Image Processing Paradigms in Multidisciplinary Contexts
EditorsJoan Lu, Qiang Xu
PublisherIGI Global
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9781522518853
ISBN (Print)1522518843, 9781522518846
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2017


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