A novel type of diesel particulate filter is introduced: the turbulent precipitator. The aim is to develop a catalytically active filter, based on Cs2SO4 · V2O5 molten salt catalyst or cerium fuel-borne catalyst. The novel filter type is developed to circumvent obvious problems like plugging and high pressure drop. In addition to that, it should be flexible, robust and possible to tune for different diesel engines. Its main features are an open flow channel (to prevent plugging and high pressure drops) and soot collection plates (to trap diesel soot). Two filter geometries are described, one with metal collector plates and one with ceramic foam collector plates. Results show that different geometries have different capabilities, making tuning for different diesel engines possible. An engine test bench was designed to measure filter efficiencies, both by particle numbers and particle mass. The diesel soot aerosol is measured with an electrical low-pressure impactor (ELPI). These measurements are not straightforward. For evaluation purposes, the engine test bench was divided into three major components to test it for aerosol measurements: diesel setup, aerosol sampling setup, and ELPI. Each part is restricted by a maximum time on stream.
|Number of pages
|Topics in Catalysis
|Published - Sep 2001
|Society of Automotive Engineers World Congress - Detroit, United States
Duration: 3 Mar 2003 → 6 Mar 2003