Exploration of a New Source of Sustainable Nanomaterial from the Koh-e-Suleiman Mountain Range of Pakistan for Industrial Applications

Jorabar Nirwan, Samia Farhaj, Muhammad Murtaza Chaudhary, Zara Khizer, Syed Shahzad Hasan, Athanasios Angelis-Dimakis, Asif Gill, Hifza Rasheed, Nasir Abbas, Muhammad Sohail Arshad, Talib Hussain, Yasser Shahzad, Abid Yousaf, Tahir Ali Chohan, Tariq Hussain, Hamid Merchant, Muhammad Rouf Akram, Tahir Mehmood Khan, Muhammad Ashraf, Barbara ConwayMuhammad Usman Ghori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The present study aimed to explore a new source of montmorillonite and to develop an extraction and purification protocol for its isolation from raw clay samples acquired from the Koh-e-Suleiman mountain range in Pakistan. The process involved the collection of raw clay from the source, identification and quantification of montmorillonite. Granulometric extraction and purification protocols increased the montmorillonite content from 21.8 - 25.1% in the raw clay to 90.1 - 93.9 % after small-scale extraction and 85.33%-89.33% on a larger scale. A techno-economic analysis highlighted the practicality and economic benefits of large-scale extraction for industrial applications. This study highlights the existence of a substantial new source of this valuable clay which is currently used across multiple industries including construction, pottery making, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and engineering. It is intuitively expected that the large-scale extraction of the material will improve the economic condition of the region by providing employment opportunities to locals and may be a valuable resource for export.
Original languageEnglish
Article number577
Number of pages14
JournalScientific Reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jan 2020

Fingerprint

Nanostructured materials
Industrial applications
Bentonite
Clay
Clay minerals
montmorillonite
clay
Purification
purification
Economics
construction industry
Cosmetics
Economic analysis
economic conditions
Construction industry
economic analysis
Drug products
drug
mountain range
engineering

Cite this

Nirwan, Jorabar ; Farhaj, Samia ; Chaudhary, Muhammad Murtaza ; Khizer, Zara ; Hasan, Syed Shahzad ; Angelis-Dimakis, Athanasios ; Gill, Asif ; Rasheed, Hifza ; Abbas, Nasir ; Arshad, Muhammad Sohail ; Hussain, Talib ; Shahzad, Yasser ; Yousaf, Abid ; Chohan, Tahir Ali ; Hussain, Tariq ; Merchant, Hamid ; Akram, Muhammad Rouf ; Khan, Tahir Mehmood ; Ashraf, Muhammad ; Conway, Barbara ; Ghori, Muhammad Usman . / Exploration of a New Source of Sustainable Nanomaterial from the Koh-e-Suleiman Mountain Range of Pakistan for Industrial Applications. In: Scientific Reports. 2020 ; Vol. 10, No. 1.
@article{65e623c0d1b5434480350db3fc497145,
title = "Exploration of a New Source of Sustainable Nanomaterial from the Koh-e-Suleiman Mountain Range of Pakistan for Industrial Applications",
abstract = "The present study aimed to explore a new source of montmorillonite and to develop an extraction and purification protocol for its isolation from raw clay samples acquired from the Koh-e-Suleiman mountain range in Pakistan. The process involved the collection of raw clay from the source, identification and quantification of montmorillonite. Granulometric extraction and purification protocols increased the montmorillonite content from 21.8 - 25.1{\%} in the raw clay to 90.1 - 93.9 {\%} after small-scale extraction and 85.33{\%}-89.33{\%} on a larger scale. A techno-economic analysis highlighted the practicality and economic benefits of large-scale extraction for industrial applications. This study highlights the existence of a substantial new source of this valuable clay which is currently used across multiple industries including construction, pottery making, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and engineering. It is intuitively expected that the large-scale extraction of the material will improve the economic condition of the region by providing employment opportunities to locals and may be a valuable resource for export.",
keywords = "Clay, montmorillonite, purification, industrial applications, costing, cation exchange capacity, Zeta potential charge",
author = "Jorabar Nirwan and Samia Farhaj and Chaudhary, {Muhammad Murtaza} and Zara Khizer and Hasan, {Syed Shahzad} and Athanasios Angelis-Dimakis and Asif Gill and Hifza Rasheed and Nasir Abbas and Arshad, {Muhammad Sohail} and Talib Hussain and Yasser Shahzad and Abid Yousaf and Chohan, {Tahir Ali} and Tariq Hussain and Hamid Merchant and Akram, {Muhammad Rouf} and Khan, {Tahir Mehmood} and Muhammad Ashraf and Barbara Conway and Ghori, {Muhammad Usman}",
year = "2020",
month = "1",
day = "17",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-020-57511-y",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
issn = "2045-2322",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "1",

}

Nirwan, J, Farhaj, S, Chaudhary, MM, Khizer, Z, Hasan, SS, Angelis-Dimakis, A, Gill, A, Rasheed, H, Abbas, N, Arshad, MS, Hussain, T, Shahzad, Y, Yousaf, A, Chohan, TA, Hussain, T, Merchant, H, Akram, MR, Khan, TM, Ashraf, M, Conway, B & Ghori, MU 2020, 'Exploration of a New Source of Sustainable Nanomaterial from the Koh-e-Suleiman Mountain Range of Pakistan for Industrial Applications', Scientific Reports, vol. 10, no. 1, 577. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-57511-y

Exploration of a New Source of Sustainable Nanomaterial from the Koh-e-Suleiman Mountain Range of Pakistan for Industrial Applications. / Nirwan, Jorabar; Farhaj, Samia; Chaudhary, Muhammad Murtaza; Khizer, Zara; Hasan, Syed Shahzad; Angelis-Dimakis, Athanasios; Gill, Asif ; Rasheed, Hifza ; Abbas, Nasir ; Arshad, Muhammad Sohail; Hussain, Talib; Shahzad, Yasser; Yousaf, Abid; Chohan, Tahir Ali ; Hussain, Tariq; Merchant, Hamid; Akram, Muhammad Rouf ; Khan, Tahir Mehmood; Ashraf, Muhammad ; Conway, Barbara; Ghori, Muhammad Usman .

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 10, No. 1, 577, 17.01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exploration of a New Source of Sustainable Nanomaterial from the Koh-e-Suleiman Mountain Range of Pakistan for Industrial Applications

AU - Nirwan, Jorabar

AU - Farhaj, Samia

AU - Chaudhary, Muhammad Murtaza

AU - Khizer, Zara

AU - Hasan, Syed Shahzad

AU - Angelis-Dimakis, Athanasios

AU - Gill, Asif

AU - Rasheed, Hifza

AU - Abbas, Nasir

AU - Arshad, Muhammad Sohail

AU - Hussain, Talib

AU - Shahzad, Yasser

AU - Yousaf, Abid

AU - Chohan, Tahir Ali

AU - Hussain, Tariq

AU - Merchant, Hamid

AU - Akram, Muhammad Rouf

AU - Khan, Tahir Mehmood

AU - Ashraf, Muhammad

AU - Conway, Barbara

AU - Ghori, Muhammad Usman

PY - 2020/1/17

Y1 - 2020/1/17

N2 - The present study aimed to explore a new source of montmorillonite and to develop an extraction and purification protocol for its isolation from raw clay samples acquired from the Koh-e-Suleiman mountain range in Pakistan. The process involved the collection of raw clay from the source, identification and quantification of montmorillonite. Granulometric extraction and purification protocols increased the montmorillonite content from 21.8 - 25.1% in the raw clay to 90.1 - 93.9 % after small-scale extraction and 85.33%-89.33% on a larger scale. A techno-economic analysis highlighted the practicality and economic benefits of large-scale extraction for industrial applications. This study highlights the existence of a substantial new source of this valuable clay which is currently used across multiple industries including construction, pottery making, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and engineering. It is intuitively expected that the large-scale extraction of the material will improve the economic condition of the region by providing employment opportunities to locals and may be a valuable resource for export.

AB - The present study aimed to explore a new source of montmorillonite and to develop an extraction and purification protocol for its isolation from raw clay samples acquired from the Koh-e-Suleiman mountain range in Pakistan. The process involved the collection of raw clay from the source, identification and quantification of montmorillonite. Granulometric extraction and purification protocols increased the montmorillonite content from 21.8 - 25.1% in the raw clay to 90.1 - 93.9 % after small-scale extraction and 85.33%-89.33% on a larger scale. A techno-economic analysis highlighted the practicality and economic benefits of large-scale extraction for industrial applications. This study highlights the existence of a substantial new source of this valuable clay which is currently used across multiple industries including construction, pottery making, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and engineering. It is intuitively expected that the large-scale extraction of the material will improve the economic condition of the region by providing employment opportunities to locals and may be a valuable resource for export.

KW - Clay

KW - montmorillonite

KW - purification

KW - industrial applications

KW - costing

KW - cation exchange capacity

KW - Zeta potential charge

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85078030316&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/s41598-020-57511-y

DO - 10.1038/s41598-020-57511-y

M3 - Article

C2 - 31953500

VL - 10

JO - Scientific Reports

JF - Scientific Reports

SN - 2045-2322

IS - 1

M1 - 577

ER -