Exploring heckling from a mimetic point of view

Daniel Kadar, Marton Petyko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The present paper aims to model the interactional operation of heckling, which has received little attention in impoliteness and interaction studies, despite the fact that studying this phenomenon has various advantages for the analyst. In order to fill this knowledge gap, we approach heckling by combining Turner’s (1982) anthropological framework with Kádár’s interaction-based relational ritual theory (e.g. Kádár 2012, 2013; Kádár & Bax 2013). Following Turner, we define heckling as a ‘social drama’, which is evaluated by its watchers as ‘judges’. In accordance with Kádár’s relational ritual framework we argue that heckling is a mimetic ritualistic mini-performance, which is inherently interactional as it operates in the adjacent action pair of the heckler’s performance and the public speaker/performer’s counter-performance. Adopting Turner’s terminology, heckling is a ritualistic performance of ‘anti-structure’, i.e. it upsets the regular social – and consequently interactional – structure of a setting. Successful counter-performance is a ritual of ‘structure’, which restores the normal social structure of the event, as the public speaker/performer regains control over the interaction. Through the social actions of performance and counter-performance the heckled and the heckler aim to affiliate themselves with the audience, who are ‘metaparticipants’ of the ritualistic interaction, and with the watchers/listeners in the case of video/audio-recorded interactions, who can be defined as ‘lay observers’ (cf. Kádár & Haugh 2013). Approaching heckling as a theatrical type of relational ritual helps us capture various complexities of this phenomenon, such as its relationship with certain interactional settings and metaparticipant expectations/evaluations, and its interface with related phenomena such as impoliteness.
Translated title of the contributionExploring heckling from a mimetic point of view
LanguageUndefined
Pages1-31
Number of pages31
JournalArgumentum
Volume12
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2016

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religious behavior
performance
interaction
knowledge gap
listener
drama
social structure
technical language
event
evaluation

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Kadar, Daniel ; Petyko, Marton. / A bekiabálás vizsgálata mimetikus és személyközi nézőpontból. In: Argumentum. 2016 ; Vol. 12. pp. 1-31.
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title = "A bekiab{\'a}l{\'a}s vizsg{\'a}lata mimetikus {\'e}s szem{\'e}lyk{\"o}zi n{\'e}zőpontb{\'o}l",
abstract = "The present paper aims to model the interactional operation of heckling, which has received little attention in impoliteness and interaction studies, despite the fact that studying this phenomenon has various advantages for the analyst. In order to fill this knowledge gap, we approach heckling by combining Turner’s (1982) anthropological framework with K{\'a}d{\'a}r’s interaction-based relational ritual theory (e.g. K{\'a}d{\'a}r 2012, 2013; K{\'a}d{\'a}r & Bax 2013). Following Turner, we define heckling as a ‘social drama’, which is evaluated by its watchers as ‘judges’. In accordance with K{\'a}d{\'a}r’s relational ritual framework we argue that heckling is a mimetic ritualistic mini-performance, which is inherently interactional as it operates in the adjacent action pair of the heckler’s performance and the public speaker/performer’s counter-performance. Adopting Turner’s terminology, heckling is a ritualistic performance of ‘anti-structure’, i.e. it upsets the regular social – and consequently interactional – structure of a setting. Successful counter-performance is a ritual of ‘structure’, which restores the normal social structure of the event, as the public speaker/performer regains control over the interaction. Through the social actions of performance and counter-performance the heckled and the heckler aim to affiliate themselves with the audience, who are ‘metaparticipants’ of the ritualistic interaction, and with the watchers/listeners in the case of video/audio-recorded interactions, who can be defined as ‘lay observers’ (cf. K{\'a}d{\'a}r & Haugh 2013). Approaching heckling as a theatrical type of relational ritual helps us capture various complexities of this phenomenon, such as its relationship with certain interactional settings and metaparticipant expectations/evaluations, and its interface with related phenomena such as impoliteness.",
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A bekiabálás vizsgálata mimetikus és személyközi nézőpontból. / Kadar, Daniel; Petyko, Marton.

In: Argumentum, Vol. 12, 02.06.2016, p. 1-31.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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