Extensively Drug-Resistant Typhoid Fever in Pakistan

Muhammad Rasheed, Syed Shahzad Hasan, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Syed Imran Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


The spread of extensively drug-resistant typhoid should be an alarming sign that the world is slowly moving towards a pre-antibiotic era because of widespread overuse of antibiotics. This has become a serious concern in developing nations such as Pakistan, where antimicrobial surveillance is poor and in urgent need of strengthening. Both governmental and non-governmental organisations in Pakistan need to actively promote vaccination campaigns and healthy hygiene habits and discourage irrational use of antibiotics to prevent the mortality and morbidity associated with increasing antibiotic resistance in pathogens.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-243
Number of pages2
JournalThe Lancet Infectious Diseases
Issue number3
Early online date27 Feb 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019


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