Fabrication and preliminary testing of hydroxylammonium nitrate (HAN)-based ceramic microthruster for potential application of nanosatellites in constellation formation flying

kalaimani markandan, Zhe Zhang, Jit Kai Chin, Kean How Cheah, Hai-Bin Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Constellation formation flying of nanosatellites (< 10 kg) is becoming a trend for future space exploration missions. Liquid chemical micropropulsion that can provide high thrusting force for high ΔV orbital transfer is a crucial hardware component for successful constellation re-positioning. However, liquid chemical micropropulsion system dedicated for these nanosatellites still not currently available in the market. In this study, a microthruster was fabricated using alumina toughened zirconia (ATZ) as structural material and yttria-stabilised zirconia-graphene (YSZ-Gr) as electrode material. The device has a dimension of 1.7 cm (length) × 1.3 cm (width) × 0.5 cm (thickness) and weighing only 6.18 grams, comprising of five major components such as propellant reservoir, injector, electrodes, micronozzle and reaction chamber. Material characterization shows that both materials have negligible weight loss and small reduction in material hardness and fracture toughness after 20 thermal-vacuum cycles. Moreover, results from dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) ascertain that addition of graphene significantly enhanced the damping behaviour of the zirconia composite. Electrolytic decomposition of hydroxylammonium nitrate (HAN) solution in the reaction chamber has been demonstrated with maximum thrust of 180.53 mN at a propellant flow rate of 60 µl/s. The preliminary results suggest that the HAN-based ceramic microthruster could potentially be used as primary propulsion for nanosatellites in constellation formation flying.

LanguageEnglish
JournalMicrosystem Technologies
Early online date23 May 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23 May 2019

Fingerprint

Nanosatellites
nanosatellites
formation flying
constellations
Nitrates
nitrates
propellants
ceramics
zirconium oxides
Fabrication
fabrication
Graphite
graphene
Testing
Propellants
chambers
Zirconia
Graphene
transfer orbits
space exploration

Cite this

@article{f066afff34e14e5089ad1d40c71556df,
title = "Fabrication and preliminary testing of hydroxylammonium nitrate (HAN)-based ceramic microthruster for potential application of nanosatellites in constellation formation flying",
abstract = "Constellation formation flying of nanosatellites (< 10 kg) is becoming a trend for future space exploration missions. Liquid chemical micropropulsion that can provide high thrusting force for high ΔV orbital transfer is a crucial hardware component for successful constellation re-positioning. However, liquid chemical micropropulsion system dedicated for these nanosatellites still not currently available in the market. In this study, a microthruster was fabricated using alumina toughened zirconia (ATZ) as structural material and yttria-stabilised zirconia-graphene (YSZ-Gr) as electrode material. The device has a dimension of 1.7 cm (length) × 1.3 cm (width) × 0.5 cm (thickness) and weighing only 6.18 grams, comprising of five major components such as propellant reservoir, injector, electrodes, micronozzle and reaction chamber. Material characterization shows that both materials have negligible weight loss and small reduction in material hardness and fracture toughness after 20 thermal-vacuum cycles. Moreover, results from dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) ascertain that addition of graphene significantly enhanced the damping behaviour of the zirconia composite. Electrolytic decomposition of hydroxylammonium nitrate (HAN) solution in the reaction chamber has been demonstrated with maximum thrust of 180.53 mN at a propellant flow rate of 60 µl/s. The preliminary results suggest that the HAN-based ceramic microthruster could potentially be used as primary propulsion for nanosatellites in constellation formation flying.",
keywords = "green propellant, Hydroxylammonium nitrate (HAN), Microthrusters, Yytria stabilised zirconia (YSZ)",
author = "{kalaimani markandan} and Zhe Zhang and Chin, {Jit Kai} and {Kean How Cheah} and {Hai-Bin Tang}",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "23",
doi = "10.1007/s00542-019-04484-2",
language = "English",
journal = "Microsystem Technologies",
issn = "0946-7076",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fabrication and preliminary testing of hydroxylammonium nitrate (HAN)-based ceramic microthruster for potential application of nanosatellites in constellation formation flying

AU - kalaimani markandan

AU - Zhang, Zhe

AU - Chin, Jit Kai

AU - Kean How Cheah

AU - Hai-Bin Tang

PY - 2019/5/23

Y1 - 2019/5/23

N2 - Constellation formation flying of nanosatellites (< 10 kg) is becoming a trend for future space exploration missions. Liquid chemical micropropulsion that can provide high thrusting force for high ΔV orbital transfer is a crucial hardware component for successful constellation re-positioning. However, liquid chemical micropropulsion system dedicated for these nanosatellites still not currently available in the market. In this study, a microthruster was fabricated using alumina toughened zirconia (ATZ) as structural material and yttria-stabilised zirconia-graphene (YSZ-Gr) as electrode material. The device has a dimension of 1.7 cm (length) × 1.3 cm (width) × 0.5 cm (thickness) and weighing only 6.18 grams, comprising of five major components such as propellant reservoir, injector, electrodes, micronozzle and reaction chamber. Material characterization shows that both materials have negligible weight loss and small reduction in material hardness and fracture toughness after 20 thermal-vacuum cycles. Moreover, results from dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) ascertain that addition of graphene significantly enhanced the damping behaviour of the zirconia composite. Electrolytic decomposition of hydroxylammonium nitrate (HAN) solution in the reaction chamber has been demonstrated with maximum thrust of 180.53 mN at a propellant flow rate of 60 µl/s. The preliminary results suggest that the HAN-based ceramic microthruster could potentially be used as primary propulsion for nanosatellites in constellation formation flying.

AB - Constellation formation flying of nanosatellites (< 10 kg) is becoming a trend for future space exploration missions. Liquid chemical micropropulsion that can provide high thrusting force for high ΔV orbital transfer is a crucial hardware component for successful constellation re-positioning. However, liquid chemical micropropulsion system dedicated for these nanosatellites still not currently available in the market. In this study, a microthruster was fabricated using alumina toughened zirconia (ATZ) as structural material and yttria-stabilised zirconia-graphene (YSZ-Gr) as electrode material. The device has a dimension of 1.7 cm (length) × 1.3 cm (width) × 0.5 cm (thickness) and weighing only 6.18 grams, comprising of five major components such as propellant reservoir, injector, electrodes, micronozzle and reaction chamber. Material characterization shows that both materials have negligible weight loss and small reduction in material hardness and fracture toughness after 20 thermal-vacuum cycles. Moreover, results from dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) ascertain that addition of graphene significantly enhanced the damping behaviour of the zirconia composite. Electrolytic decomposition of hydroxylammonium nitrate (HAN) solution in the reaction chamber has been demonstrated with maximum thrust of 180.53 mN at a propellant flow rate of 60 µl/s. The preliminary results suggest that the HAN-based ceramic microthruster could potentially be used as primary propulsion for nanosatellites in constellation formation flying.

KW - green propellant

KW - Hydroxylammonium nitrate (HAN)

KW - Microthrusters

KW - Yytria stabilised zirconia (YSZ)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85066819406&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00542-019-04484-2

DO - 10.1007/s00542-019-04484-2

M3 - Article

JO - Microsystem Technologies

T2 - Microsystem Technologies

JF - Microsystem Technologies

SN - 0946-7076

ER -