Facets of psychopathy in relation to trauma-exposure and posttraumatic stress symptomology in a sample of incarcerated male offenders

Russell Woodfield, Katie Dhingra, Daniel Boduszek, Agata Debowska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to investigate the moderating role of psychopathy facets on the relationship between traumatic exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomology.

Design/methodology/approach - Participants were male prisoners incarcerated in the UK.

Findings - The analysis revealed differential associations between the two facets of psychopathy, with potentially traumatic events and symptoms of PTSD. Specifically, neither primary psychopathy nor trauma exposure were significantly related to PTSD, while secondary psychopathy was positively and significantly related with PTSD symptoms. Furthermore, the effect of trauma exposure on PTSD was found to depend on the level of secondary psychopathy. More specifically, trauma exposure was strongly and positively associated with PTSD symptoms for low levels of secondary psychopathy and negatively associated with PTSD symptomology for individuals with high levels of secondary psychopathy.

Originality/value - The findings clarify linkages among psychopathy facets, trauma, and PTSD, and extend the understanding of the presentation of PTSD in male prisoners.

LanguageEnglish
Pages244-252
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Prisoner Health
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016

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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Wounds and Injuries
Prisoners
Traumatic Stress Disorders

Cite this

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title = "Facets of psychopathy in relation to trauma-exposure and posttraumatic stress symptomology in a sample of incarcerated male offenders",
abstract = "Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to investigate the moderating role of psychopathy facets on the relationship between traumatic exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomology. Design/methodology/approach - Participants were male prisoners incarcerated in the UK. Findings - The analysis revealed differential associations between the two facets of psychopathy, with potentially traumatic events and symptoms of PTSD. Specifically, neither primary psychopathy nor trauma exposure were significantly related to PTSD, while secondary psychopathy was positively and significantly related with PTSD symptoms. Furthermore, the effect of trauma exposure on PTSD was found to depend on the level of secondary psychopathy. More specifically, trauma exposure was strongly and positively associated with PTSD symptoms for low levels of secondary psychopathy and negatively associated with PTSD symptomology for individuals with high levels of secondary psychopathy. Originality/value - The findings clarify linkages among psychopathy facets, trauma, and PTSD, and extend the understanding of the presentation of PTSD in male prisoners.",
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Facets of psychopathy in relation to trauma-exposure and posttraumatic stress symptomology in a sample of incarcerated male offenders. / Woodfield, Russell; Dhingra, Katie; Boduszek, Daniel; Debowska, Agata.

In: International Journal of Prisoner Health, Vol. 12, No. 4, 01.12.2016, p. 244-252.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Facets of psychopathy in relation to trauma-exposure and posttraumatic stress symptomology in a sample of incarcerated male offenders

AU - Woodfield, Russell

AU - Dhingra, Katie

AU - Boduszek, Daniel

AU - Debowska, Agata

PY - 2016/12/1

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KW - Mental health

KW - Moderation

KW - Posttraumatic stress disorder

KW - Prisoners

KW - Psychopathy

KW - Trauma

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