Fast hierarchical fusion model based on least squares B-splines approximation

Luca Pagani, Jian Wang, Bianca M. Colosimo, Xiangqian Jiang, Paul J. Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


With manufacturing shifting from traditional products to high value products, the complexity and accuracy of the products are increasing in order to reduce energy costs, create friendly environment and better health care. Structured surfaces, freeform surfaces, and other functional engineering surfaces are becoming the core part of high value manufacturing products. However, measurement of these surfaces is becoming very difficult due to instrumental limitations including measurement range, speed, resolution and accuracy. Multi-instruments/sensors measurement are now being developed for freeform and structured surface assessment, which requires the fusion of the data into a unified system to achieve larger dynamic measurements with greater reliability. This paper discusses the process of combining data from several information sources (instruments/sensors) into a common representational format and the surface topography can be reconstructed using Gaussian processes and B-spline techniques. In this paper the Gaussian process model is extended in order to take into account the uncertainty propagation and a new data fusion model based on least squares B-splines that drastically reduce the computational time are presented. The results are validated by two for freeform surface measurements.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)570-586
Number of pages17
JournalPrecision Engineering
Early online date22 Aug 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019


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