Fault Diagnosis of Rolling Bearing Using Improved Wavelet Threshold Denoising and Fast Spectral Correlation Analysis

Shaoning Tian, Dong Zhen, Junchao Guo, Haiyang Li, Hao Zhang, Fengshou Gu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Rolling bearings are important parts of mechanical equipment. However, the early failures of the bearing are usually masked by heavy noise. This brings about difficulties to the extraction of its fault features. Therefore, there is a need to develop a reliable method for early fault detection of the bearing. Considering this issue, a novel fault diagnosis method using the improved wavelet threshold denoising and fast spectral correlation (Fast-SC) is proposed. First, to solve the discontinuity of the hard threshold function and avoid the constant deviation triggered by the soft threshold function, a piecewise continuous threshold function is proposed by using a new threshold selection rule to denoise the original signal. In the new threshold function, the adjuster α is introduced to improve the traditional wavelet denoising algorithm, so as to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the original signal more effectively. Then, the denoised signal is analysed by Fast-SC to identify the rolling bearing fault features. Finally, simulation analysis and experimental data demonstrate that the proposed approach is effective for rolling bearing fault detection compared with Fast-SC and the combined method based on traditional wavelet threshold and Fast-SC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5510879
Number of pages10
JournalShock and Vibration
Volume2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2021

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