Due to the interference of various irrelevant information in the environment, the early bearing fault features are difficult to detect. To enhance the fault-associated feature extraction performance in the process of bearing fault diagnosis, a signal processing method named enhanced optimal gradient product filtering (EOGPF) is proposed. First, the filtering capabilities of eight morphological gradient operators are investigated and compared to excavate the optimal morphological operators. Then, a new optimal gradient product operator (OGPO) is developed to improve the extraction performance of bearing fault-induced transient impulse information in the vibration signal. Finally, a novel EOGPF method combining noise removal and feature extraction is proposed to diagnose bearing faults. The OGPO-based morphological filtering is applied to remove noise and extract fault-induced impulse features from the vibration signals. Moreover, a two-stage denoising strategy based on median filtering and autocorrelation is used to enhance the noise removal performance of OGPO-based morphological filtering when processing the signal with strong noise interference. The analysis results of simulation signal, bearing accelerated life test data and measured railway bearing data verify the EOGPF can effectively enhance the extraction performance of fault-associated features. The comparison results of the EOGPF with several existing methods show its superiority in bearing fault diagnosis.
|Number of pages
|Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation
|Early online date
|5 May 2022
|Published - 15 Jun 2022