Faunal response to fine sediment deposition in urban rivers

Paul Wood, Patrick Armitage, Matthew Hill, Kate Mathers, Jonathan Millet

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Fine sediment deposition and infiltration into the bed of lotic ecosystems, such as sedimentation, siltation and colmation, has been widely recognised as one of the most important causes of degradation within lotic ecosystems. The impact of increased fine sediment loading as a result of agricultural practices, urban development and channel management activities for flood defence purposes, have been widely acknowledged but poorly quantified. This chapter quantifies the influence of increasing sediment input that is sediment loading on the benthic invertebrate community inhabiting an artificial channel with an impervious concrete bed. This approach provided highly controlled conditions but also reflected channel and habitat characteristics typical of many highly modified and managed urban streams. Significant advances have been made recently in the development of biomonitoring tools which quantify fine sediment impacts on instream communities and which facilitate identification of vulnerable locations within river channels.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRiver Science
Subtitle of host publicationResearch and Management for the 21st Century
EditorsDavid J. Gilvear, Malcolm T. Greenwood, Martin C. Thomas, Paul J. Wood
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9781118643501, 9781118643525
ISBN (Print)9781119994343
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2016
Externally publishedYes

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