Fear, Risk Perception, and Engagement in Preventive Behaviors for COVID-19 during Nationwide Lockdown in Nepal: Vaccines

Ashok Khanal, Sulochan GC, Suresh Panthee, Atmika Paudel, Rakesh Ghimire, Garima Neupane, Amrit Gaire, Rukmini Sitaula, Suman Bhattarai, Shubhechchha Khadka, Bibek Khatri, Aashis Khanal, Bimala Panthee, Sharada P. Wasti, Vijay S. GC

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The world has faced huge negative effects from the COVID-19 pandemic between early 2020 and late 2021. Each country has implemented a range of preventive measures to minimize the risk during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study assessed the COVID-19-related fear, risk perception, and preventative behavior during the nationwide lockdown due to COVID-19 in Nepal. In a cross-sectional study, conducted in mid-2021 during the nationwide lockdown in Nepal, a total of 1484 individuals completed measures on fear of COVID-19, COVID-19 risk perception, and preventive behavior. A multiple linear regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with COVID-19 fear. The results revealed significant differences in the fear of COVID-19 in association with the perceived risk of COVID-19 and preventive behaviors. Age, risk perception, preventive behavior, and poor health status were significantly positively related to fear of COVID-19. Perceived risk and preventive behaviors uniquely predicted fear of COVID-19 over and above the effects of socio-demographic variables. Being female and unmarried were the significant factors associated with fear of COVID-19 among study respondents. Higher risk perception, poor health status, and being female were strong factors of increased fear of COVID-19. Targeted interventions are essential to integrate community-level mental health care for COVID-19 resilience.
Original languageEnglish
Article number29
Number of pages12
Issue number1
Early online date23 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023


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