Feasibility of Using Mobile Apps in Communication and Dissemination Process of Multi-hazard Early Warning (MHEW) Mechanism in Sri Lankan Context

Ishani Shehara, Chandana Siriwardana, Dilanthi Amaratunga, Richard Haigh, T Fonseka

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The alerts given accurately on time via Early Warning mechanisms can save thousands of lives as well as can minimize the level of damage to the Critical Infrastructure to a greater extent. With the rapid occurrence of natural hazards day by day, more emphasis on Disaster Risk Reduction strategies are concerned in order to minimize the disaster-related economic losses and damages. The concept of Multi-Hazard Early Warning emerged with the implementation of Disaster Risk Reduction strategies over the world to work under different global frameworks, mainly with the initiation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030. Communication and dissemination component of the Multi-Hazard Early Warning mechanism can be considered more significant in terms of reducing the damages and losses over lives and properties. Science and technological applications can be vividly incorporated to enhance the efficiency of delivering Multi-Hazard Early Warning messages from upstream, interface phases towards the downstream community level. With the proper delivery of Early Warning information through technological applications, the efforts on minimizing the damage extent on Critical Infrastructures can be undertaken. This concern is mainly elaborated as one of the seven targets in Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030. Under this research study, different mobile apps using in different countries are overviewed with the special focus on the comparison of mobile apps that are currently using in Sri Lanka, Maldives and Indonesia. With these concerns, the feasibility of using mobile apps in disaster Early Warning mechanism in Sri Lankan context was examined using a questionnaire survey which was conducted within 10 Grama Niladari divisions. Under this, community responses were collected from 323 responses and these were analyzed using Fuzzy logic approach to identify the decision making scores of the community on level of importance and level of usefulness of the mobile apps.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationICSECM 2019
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 10th International Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction Management
EditorsRanjith Dissanayake, Priyan Mendis, Kolita Weerasekera, Sudhira De Silva, Shiromal Fernando
PublisherSpringer Nature Switzerland AG
Pages177-189
Number of pages13
Edition1st
ISBN (Electronic)9789811572227
ISBN (Print)9789811572210
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Sep 2020
Event10th International conference on Structural Engineering and Construction Management: Special Session on Disaster Risk Reduction - Earl's Regency Hotel, Kandy, Sri Lanka
Duration: 12 Dec 201914 Dec 2019
Conference number: 10
http://www.icsecm.org/2019/
http://www.icsecm.org/2019/dowanloads/Final%20Abstract(2019).pdf
http://www.icsecm.org/2019/ (Conference Website)

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Civil Engineering
PublisherSpringer
Volume94
ISSN (Print)2366-2557
ISSN (Electronic)2366-2565

Conference

Conference10th International conference on Structural Engineering and Construction Management
Abbreviated titleICSECM2019
CountrySri Lanka
CityKandy
Period12/12/1914/12/19
Internet address

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