Fight ‘acceptable’ with ‘acceptable’: football, cultural battle in Turkey and the story of two ‘doxas’ over an old military song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Football, as other cultural products, has become a major part of the political field, since there has been an ongoing cultural battle between the President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and his dissidents. The country is divided into two, not only between social and cultural capital owners; two sets of ideological elements, namely ‘doxas’ in reference to Bourdieusian sociology, also define the political faultlines in Turkey. Football, imported in the final years of the Ottoman Empire by the modern elite, has been intertwined with Turkish modernism and its core elements, such as nationalism. The Erdoğan regime, while dismantling the old rule, has also tried to create cultural hegemony, which has been met with dissidence. This paper analyses the role of an old military song called the ‘Izmir March’, sung in the football stands against the Erdoğan regime, discussing the elements of the two doxas in Turkey, old and new.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages18
JournalSport in Society
Early online date9 Oct 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Oct 2020

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