Finishing Processes and Recent Developments

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


In textile processing, ‘finishing’ refers to an extensive array of mechanical and chem- ical processes that can enhance the properties of a textile. As the name suggests, it is most often used to describe treatments to a fabric in the final stages of production, though finishing processes are also used to alter the properties and processability of yarns, filaments and fibres.
Finishing can alter many attributes, including appearance, softness, hydropho- bicity, hydrophilicity, antimicrobial and antifungal performance, flame retardancy, ultraviolet (UV) protection, shrink resistance, crease resistance, stain resistance, friction, strength and drape. Finishing usually involves the application of chemicals, mechanical modification, thermal treatment or a combination of these. There is a near infinite range of finishing processes, many based on tried and tested applica- tion methods developed many years ago. However, these continue to be modified and optimised, and new chemical finishes are continually researched and launched commercially. Legislative changes have had a profound impact on textile finishing as previously widespread treatments have been replaced due to environmental and health concerns. This chapter covers the most prevalent finishing methods and types, and explores some of the new developments that are set to revolutionise certain areas of textile finishing.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFibres to Smart Textiles
Subtitle of host publicationAdvances in Manufacturing, Technologies, and Applications
EditorsAsis Patnaik, Sweta Patnaik
Place of PublicationBoca Raton
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages20
ISBN (Print)9781138368033, 9781138332515
Publication statusPublished - 8 Aug 2019

Publication series

NameTextile Institute Professional Publications
PublisherCRC Press


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