Flavocytochrome P450 BM3 mutant W1046A is a NADH-dependent fatty acid hydroxylase: Implications for the mechanism of electron transfer in the P450 BM3 dimer

Hazel M. Girvan, Adrian J. Dunford, Rajasekhar Neeli, Idorenyin S. Ekanem, Timothy N. Waltham, M. Gordon Joyce, David Leys, Robin A. Curtis, Paul Williams, Karl Fisher, Michael W. Voice, Andrew W. Munro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bacillus megaterium P450 BM3 (BM3) is a P450/P450 reductase fusion enzyme, where the dimer is considered the active form in NADPH-dependent fatty acid hydroxylation. The BM3 W1046A mutant was generated, removing an aromatic "shield" from its FAD isoalloxazine ring. W1046A BM3 is a catalytically active NADH-dependent lauric acid hydroxylase, with product formation slightly superior to the NADPH-driven enzyme. The W1046A BM3 K m for NADH is 20-fold lower than wild-type BM3, and catalytic efficiency of W1046A BM3 with NADH and NADPH are similar in lauric acid oxidation. Wild-type BM3 also catalyzes NADH-dependent lauric acid hydroxylation, but less efficiently than W1046A BM3. A hypothesis that W1046A BM3 is inactive [15] helped underpin a model of electron transfer from FAD in one BM3 monomer to FMN in the other in order to drive fatty acid hydroxylation in native BM3. Our data showing W1046A BM3 is a functional fatty acid hydroxylase are consistent instead with a BM3 catalytic model involving electron transfer within a reductase monomer, and from FMN of one monomer to heme of the other [12]. W1046A BM3 is an efficient NADH-utilizing fatty acid hydroxylase with potential biotechnological applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-85
Number of pages11
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume507
Issue number1
Early online date22 Sep 2010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes

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