Foreign institutional ownership and demand for accounting conservatism

evidence from an emerging market

Mohamed Khalil, Aydin Ozkan, Yilmaz Yildiz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study investigates how foreign institutional ownership interacts with accounting conservatism in an emerging market setting. We posit that weak investor protection and a high degree of information asymmetry between insiders and outside investors increase demand for conservative reporting in firms operating in emerging markets. Foreign investors in this setting have informational disadvantages relative to their domestic peers and have difficulties in getting access to data. Using a sample of Turkish firms, we find that foreign institutions (particularly foreign corporate investors) demand more conservative reporting in the investee firms. Moreover, we show that this association is more pronounced among firms with greater asymmetric information problems and growth opportunities. Our additional tests reveal that the direction of causality flows from foreign institutional ownership to conservatism, and not vice versa.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages27
JournalReview of Quantitative Finance and Accounting
Early online date10 Sep 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Sep 2019

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Institutional ownership
Accounting conservatism
Emerging markets
Investors
Insider
Conservatism
Investor protection
Foreign investors
Asymmetric information
Growth opportunities
Disadvantage
Causality
Asymmetry of information
Peers

Cite this

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AB - This study investigates how foreign institutional ownership interacts with accounting conservatism in an emerging market setting. We posit that weak investor protection and a high degree of information asymmetry between insiders and outside investors increase demand for conservative reporting in firms operating in emerging markets. Foreign investors in this setting have informational disadvantages relative to their domestic peers and have difficulties in getting access to data. Using a sample of Turkish firms, we find that foreign institutions (particularly foreign corporate investors) demand more conservative reporting in the investee firms. Moreover, we show that this association is more pronounced among firms with greater asymmetric information problems and growth opportunities. Our additional tests reveal that the direction of causality flows from foreign institutional ownership to conservatism, and not vice versa.

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