Formation and Reactivity of Ir(III) Hydroxycarbonyl Complexes

Paul I P Elliott, Claire E. Haslam, Sharon E. Spey, Anthony Haynes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Kinetic studies show that the reaction of [TpIr(CO)2] (1, Tp = hydrotris(pyrazolyl)borate) with water to give [TpIr(CO2H)(CO)H] (2) is second order (k = 1.65 × 10-4 dm3 mol -1 s-1, 25°C, MeCN) with activation parameters ΔH = 46±2 kJ mol-1 and ΔS = -162±5 J K-1 mol-1. A kinetic isotope effect of kH2O/kD2O = 1.40 at 20°C indicates that O-H/D bond cleavage is involved in the rate-determining step. Despite being more electron rich than 1, [Tp*Ir(CO)2] (1*, Tp* = hydrotris(3,5-dimethylpyrazolyl)borate) reacts rapidly with adventitious water to give [Tp*Ir(CO2H)(CO)H] (2*). A proposed mechanism consistent with the relative reactivity of 1 and 1* involves initial protonation of Ir(I) followed by nucleophilic attack on a carbonyl ligand. An X-ray crystal structure of 2* shows dimer formation via pairwise H-bonding interactions of hydroxycarbonyl ligands (r(O⋯O) 2.65 Å). Complex 2* is thermally stable but (like 2) is amphoteric, undergoing dehydroxylation with acid to give [Tp*Ir(CO)2H]+ (3*) and decarboxylation with OH- to give [Tp*Ir(CO) H2] (4*). Complex 2 undergoes thermal decarboxylation above ca. 50 °C to give [TpIr(CO)H2] (4) in a first-order process with activation parameters ΔH = 115±4 kJ mol -1 and ΔS = 60±10 J K-1 mol-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6269-6275
Number of pages7
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 7 Aug 2006
Externally publishedYes


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