Framework for a generic work breakdown structure for building projects

Yahaya Makarfi Ibrahim, Ammar Kaka, Ghassan Aouad, Mike Kagioglou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to propose a framework for the standardisation of the work breakdown structure (WBS) for building projects. This is based on the premise that buildings in general retain basic elemental options, and that there is a commonality of activities in the procurement of building projects.

Design/methodology/approach – To achieve the objective, the general practice of developing the WBS is investigated. This is achieved by means of an industry-wide questionnaire survey designed to identify the most widely used criteria among UK construction organisations in segregating building works into packages. The survey also investigates the sequencing of these criteria across the WBS hierarchy. 

Findings – The findings reveal that the most frequently used decomposition criteria in the formulation of WBS for building projects are elements, work sections, physical location and construction aids. The proposed framework is presented as a hierarchical decomposition of a building project based on these criteria. It allows for flexibility in level of detail while maintaining a rigid sequencing of the criteria based on their frequency of use. 

Originality/value – This paper reports on a specific part of an EPSRC funded project that aims to investigate the application of computer vision techniques to the on-site measurement of construction progress. The part reported in this paper addresses planning issues that will lead to automatic generation of work packages. Previous studies have focused on automating the planning aspect by associating individual components with schedule information. However, large construction projects usually consist of thousands of components. Planning and tracking progress at the level of the component is unrealistic in these instances. The standardisation framework reported in this paper will form the basis for automating the formulation of work packages, thus providing a uniform basis for tracking progress (based on computer vision) during project execution.

LanguageEnglish
Pages388-405
Number of pages18
JournalConstruction Innovation
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Oct 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Planning
Standardization
Computer vision
Decomposition
Industry

Cite this

Makarfi Ibrahim, Yahaya ; Kaka, Ammar ; Aouad, Ghassan ; Kagioglou, Mike. / Framework for a generic work breakdown structure for building projects. In: Construction Innovation. 2009 ; Vol. 9, No. 4. pp. 388-405.
@article{d01ba82776a84bd4af8fb25f21e4e014,
title = "Framework for a generic work breakdown structure for building projects",
abstract = "Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to propose a framework for the standardisation of the work breakdown structure (WBS) for building projects. This is based on the premise that buildings in general retain basic elemental options, and that there is a commonality of activities in the procurement of building projects.Design/methodology/approach – To achieve the objective, the general practice of developing the WBS is investigated. This is achieved by means of an industry-wide questionnaire survey designed to identify the most widely used criteria among UK construction organisations in segregating building works into packages. The survey also investigates the sequencing of these criteria across the WBS hierarchy. Findings – The findings reveal that the most frequently used decomposition criteria in the formulation of WBS for building projects are elements, work sections, physical location and construction aids. The proposed framework is presented as a hierarchical decomposition of a building project based on these criteria. It allows for flexibility in level of detail while maintaining a rigid sequencing of the criteria based on their frequency of use. Originality/value – This paper reports on a specific part of an EPSRC funded project that aims to investigate the application of computer vision techniques to the on-site measurement of construction progress. The part reported in this paper addresses planning issues that will lead to automatic generation of work packages. Previous studies have focused on automating the planning aspect by associating individual components with schedule information. However, large construction projects usually consist of thousands of components. Planning and tracking progress at the level of the component is unrealistic in these instances. The standardisation framework reported in this paper will form the basis for automating the formulation of work packages, thus providing a uniform basis for tracking progress (based on computer vision) during project execution.",
keywords = "Construction works, Project planning, Standardization, Working practices",
author = "{Makarfi Ibrahim}, Yahaya and Ammar Kaka and Ghassan Aouad and Mike Kagioglou",
year = "2009",
month = "10",
day = "9",
doi = "10.1108/14714170910995930",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "388--405",
journal = "Construction Innovation",
issn = "1471-4175",
publisher = "Arnold",
number = "4",

}

Framework for a generic work breakdown structure for building projects. / Makarfi Ibrahim, Yahaya; Kaka, Ammar; Aouad, Ghassan; Kagioglou, Mike.

In: Construction Innovation, Vol. 9, No. 4, 09.10.2009, p. 388-405.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Framework for a generic work breakdown structure for building projects

AU - Makarfi Ibrahim, Yahaya

AU - Kaka, Ammar

AU - Aouad, Ghassan

AU - Kagioglou, Mike

PY - 2009/10/9

Y1 - 2009/10/9

N2 - Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to propose a framework for the standardisation of the work breakdown structure (WBS) for building projects. This is based on the premise that buildings in general retain basic elemental options, and that there is a commonality of activities in the procurement of building projects.Design/methodology/approach – To achieve the objective, the general practice of developing the WBS is investigated. This is achieved by means of an industry-wide questionnaire survey designed to identify the most widely used criteria among UK construction organisations in segregating building works into packages. The survey also investigates the sequencing of these criteria across the WBS hierarchy. Findings – The findings reveal that the most frequently used decomposition criteria in the formulation of WBS for building projects are elements, work sections, physical location and construction aids. The proposed framework is presented as a hierarchical decomposition of a building project based on these criteria. It allows for flexibility in level of detail while maintaining a rigid sequencing of the criteria based on their frequency of use. Originality/value – This paper reports on a specific part of an EPSRC funded project that aims to investigate the application of computer vision techniques to the on-site measurement of construction progress. The part reported in this paper addresses planning issues that will lead to automatic generation of work packages. Previous studies have focused on automating the planning aspect by associating individual components with schedule information. However, large construction projects usually consist of thousands of components. Planning and tracking progress at the level of the component is unrealistic in these instances. The standardisation framework reported in this paper will form the basis for automating the formulation of work packages, thus providing a uniform basis for tracking progress (based on computer vision) during project execution.

AB - Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to propose a framework for the standardisation of the work breakdown structure (WBS) for building projects. This is based on the premise that buildings in general retain basic elemental options, and that there is a commonality of activities in the procurement of building projects.Design/methodology/approach – To achieve the objective, the general practice of developing the WBS is investigated. This is achieved by means of an industry-wide questionnaire survey designed to identify the most widely used criteria among UK construction organisations in segregating building works into packages. The survey also investigates the sequencing of these criteria across the WBS hierarchy. Findings – The findings reveal that the most frequently used decomposition criteria in the formulation of WBS for building projects are elements, work sections, physical location and construction aids. The proposed framework is presented as a hierarchical decomposition of a building project based on these criteria. It allows for flexibility in level of detail while maintaining a rigid sequencing of the criteria based on their frequency of use. Originality/value – This paper reports on a specific part of an EPSRC funded project that aims to investigate the application of computer vision techniques to the on-site measurement of construction progress. The part reported in this paper addresses planning issues that will lead to automatic generation of work packages. Previous studies have focused on automating the planning aspect by associating individual components with schedule information. However, large construction projects usually consist of thousands of components. Planning and tracking progress at the level of the component is unrealistic in these instances. The standardisation framework reported in this paper will form the basis for automating the formulation of work packages, thus providing a uniform basis for tracking progress (based on computer vision) during project execution.

KW - Construction works

KW - Project planning

KW - Standardization

KW - Working practices

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84993088494&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1108/14714170910995930

DO - 10.1108/14714170910995930

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 388

EP - 405

JO - Construction Innovation

T2 - Construction Innovation

JF - Construction Innovation

SN - 1471-4175

IS - 4

ER -