Freelance Journalists and Stringers

Errol Salamon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionarypeer-review


Freelancing for news organizations refers to short-term, temporary, or contract work rather than full-time salaried employment. While freelance journalists may enjoy the flexibility and fun of doing this type of work, they also have to deal with low pay, no social security benefits, and insecure employment relationships. Yet freelance journalists have formed labor unions and professional associations to advocate for higher pay, benefits, and labor rights. Through these labor organizations and ad hoc alternative labor organizations, freelance journalists have used digital communications tools to refuse freelance contributors' contracts and unfair company demands, attempting to translate online collective action into organizational and legal change.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe International Encyclopedia of Journalism Studies
EditorsTim Vos, Folker Hanusch
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781118841570
ISBN (Print)9781118841679
Publication statusPublished - 21 May 2019
Externally publishedYes


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