This chapter focuses on how fan‐celebrity para‐social interactions have been theorized. It argues that the concept of the “para‐social”, a type of imagined rather than co‐present social relationship, has not only been spuriously contrasted to “actual” sociability, but that attempts to view para‐social interactions between fans and celebrities as “truly” social fail to adequately consider how the social itself involves imaginary and fantasized aspects. Both attacks on, and defenses of, fan‐celebrity “para‐social” interactions have tended to reductively characterize “social” relationships. It then considers how digital fandom has reconfigured debates around the “para‐social”: if this has been positioned as “mediated quasi‐interaction”. The chapter also argues that the concept of para‐social interaction is problematized not only by the social/para‐social binary, but also by its focus on an assumed social dyad. The para‐social is neither wholly normalized nor displaced within a Web 2.0 social media environment; instead, it becomes multisocial.
|Title of host publication||A Companion to Celebrity|
|Editors||P. David Marshall, Sean Redmond|
|Place of Publication||Malden|
|Number of pages||20|
|Publication status||Published - 30 Oct 2015|