From Three-Mile Island to Piper Alpha

Paul Swuste, Jop Groeneweg, Coen Van Gulijk, Walter Zwaard, Saul Lemkowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Which general management trends influenced safety management, and which safety models, theories and management solutions were introduced to explain and control causes of accidents and disasters in the period between Three Mile Island and Piper Alpha? In which context did these developments take place, and how did this safety context influence the safety domain in the Netherlands?
Method: The literature study was limited to original English and Dutch documents and articles in scientific and professional literature from 1979 to 1988.
Results and conclusions: Models and theories of human errors explaining occupational accidents were still popular in the professional literature. A system approach was introduced into mainstream safety science, starting in process safety, and subsequently drifting into occupational safety. Accidents were thought to be the result of disturbances in a dynamic system, a socio-technical system, rather than just human error. Human errors were also perceived differently: they were no longer just faults of people, but consequences of suboptimal interactions during process disturbances.
Translated title of the contributionFrom Three-Mile Island to Piper Alpha
LanguageDutch
Article number2
Pages130-157
Number of pages28
JournalTijdscrhift voor toegepaste Arbowetenschap
Volume28
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015

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Piper
Islands
Safety
Accidents
Occupational Accidents
Safety Management
Disasters
Occupational Health
Netherlands

Cite this

Swuste, P., Groeneweg, J., Van Gulijk, C., Zwaard, W., & Lemkowitz, S. (2015). Van Three-Miles Island tot Piper Alpha. Tijdscrhift voor toegepaste Arbowetenschap, 28(4), 130-157. [2].
Swuste, Paul ; Groeneweg, Jop ; Van Gulijk, Coen ; Zwaard, Walter ; Lemkowitz, Saul. / Van Three-Miles Island tot Piper Alpha. In: Tijdscrhift voor toegepaste Arbowetenschap. 2015 ; Vol. 28, No. 4. pp. 130-157.
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Swuste, P, Groeneweg, J, Van Gulijk, C, Zwaard, W & Lemkowitz, S 2015, 'Van Three-Miles Island tot Piper Alpha', Tijdscrhift voor toegepaste Arbowetenschap, vol. 28, no. 4, 2, pp. 130-157.

Van Three-Miles Island tot Piper Alpha. / Swuste, Paul; Groeneweg, Jop; Van Gulijk, Coen; Zwaard, Walter; Lemkowitz, Saul.

In: Tijdscrhift voor toegepaste Arbowetenschap, Vol. 28, No. 4, 2, 04.2015, p. 130-157.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Van Three-Miles Island tot Piper Alpha

AU - Swuste, Paul

AU - Groeneweg, Jop

AU - Van Gulijk, Coen

AU - Zwaard, Walter

AU - Lemkowitz, Saul

PY - 2015/4

Y1 - 2015/4

N2 - Objective: Which general management trends influenced safety management, and which safety models, theories and management solutions were introduced to explain and control causes of accidents and disasters in the period between Three Mile Island and Piper Alpha? In which context did these developments take place, and how did this safety context influence the safety domain in the Netherlands?Method: The literature study was limited to original English and Dutch documents and articles in scientific and professional literature from 1979 to 1988.Results and conclusions: Models and theories of human errors explaining occupational accidents were still popular in the professional literature. A system approach was introduced into mainstream safety science, starting in process safety, and subsequently drifting into occupational safety. Accidents were thought to be the result of disturbances in a dynamic system, a socio-technical system, rather than just human error. Human errors were also perceived differently: they were no longer just faults of people, but consequences of suboptimal interactions during process disturbances.

AB - Objective: Which general management trends influenced safety management, and which safety models, theories and management solutions were introduced to explain and control causes of accidents and disasters in the period between Three Mile Island and Piper Alpha? In which context did these developments take place, and how did this safety context influence the safety domain in the Netherlands?Method: The literature study was limited to original English and Dutch documents and articles in scientific and professional literature from 1979 to 1988.Results and conclusions: Models and theories of human errors explaining occupational accidents were still popular in the professional literature. A system approach was introduced into mainstream safety science, starting in process safety, and subsequently drifting into occupational safety. Accidents were thought to be the result of disturbances in a dynamic system, a socio-technical system, rather than just human error. Human errors were also perceived differently: they were no longer just faults of people, but consequences of suboptimal interactions during process disturbances.

KW - safety

KW - Safety management

KW - Risk Management

KW - Process safety

KW - Occupational safety

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EP - 157

JO - Tijdscrhift voor toegepaste Arbowetenschap

T2 - Tijdscrhift voor toegepaste Arbowetenschap

JF - Tijdscrhift voor toegepaste Arbowetenschap

SN - 0921-8440

IS - 4

M1 - 2

ER -

Swuste P, Groeneweg J, Van Gulijk C, Zwaard W, Lemkowitz S. Van Three-Miles Island tot Piper Alpha. Tijdscrhift voor toegepaste Arbowetenschap. 2015 Apr;28(4):130-157. 2.