Further investigation of the effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine, 8-OH-DPAT and DOI to mediate contraction and relaxation responses in the intestine and emesis in Suncus murinus

Farideh A. Javid, Saeed Afshin-javid, Charles C. Horn

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Abstract

5-HT receptors are implicated in many gastrointestinal disorders. However, the precise role of 5-HT in mediating GI responses in Suncus murnius is still unclear. Therefore in this study, the effects of 5-HT and its agonists were investigated in Suncus. The involvement of 5-HT2C receptors in mediating emesis was also investigated. The ability of 5-HT and its agonists/antagonists at 5-HT1A and 5-HT2 to modify GI motility was investigated in vitro and in vivo. WAY100635 (a 5-HT1A antagonist) inhibited the contraction response to 5-HT in the proximal segments without affecting the maximum response; whilst enhancing the contraction to 5-HT (>30.0 nM) in the distal intestine. The selective 5-HT2A and 5-HT2B receptor antagonists MDL-100907 and RS-127445 attenuated 5-HT-induced contractions (<10.0 µM) in the distal segments. RS-127445 also attenuated 5-HT-induced contractions in the central segments. The selective 5-HT2C receptor antagonist SB-242084, attenuated the responses to 5-HT (> 3.0 nM) in the proximal and central but not the distal regions. 8-OH-DPAT-induced relaxation was resistant to the antagonism by 5-HT1A/7 antagonists. DOI in the presence of 5-HT1A/2A/2B/2C antagonists induced greater contraction responses (>1.0 µM) in most tissues, whilst RS-127445, or SB-242084, reduced the responses to DOI (< 1.0 µM) in some tissues. SB-242084 also suppressed emesis-induced by motion and intragastric CuSO4. In conclusion, within different regions of intestine, 5-HT2 receptors are differently involved in contraction and emetic responses and that 8-OH-DPAT induces relaxation via non-5-HT1A/7 receptors. Suncus could provide a model to investigate these diverse actions of 5-HT.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-87
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume821
Early online date23 Dec 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2018

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8-Hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin
Intestines
Vomiting
Serotonin 5-HT1 Receptor Antagonists
Serotonin
Serotonin Receptor Agonists
Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2B
Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2C
Emetics
Serotonin 5-HT2 Receptor Antagonists
Serotonin Receptors
hydroxide ion

Cite this

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title = "Further investigation of the effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine, 8-OH-DPAT and DOI to mediate contraction and relaxation responses in the intestine and emesis in Suncus murinus",
abstract = "5-HT receptors are implicated in many gastrointestinal disorders. However, the precise role of 5-HT in mediating GI responses in Suncus murnius is still unclear. Therefore in this study, the effects of 5-HT and its agonists were investigated in Suncus. The involvement of 5-HT2C receptors in mediating emesis was also investigated. The ability of 5-HT and its agonists/antagonists at 5-HT1A and 5-HT2 to modify GI motility was investigated in vitro and in vivo. WAY100635 (a 5-HT1A antagonist) inhibited the contraction response to 5-HT in the proximal segments without affecting the maximum response; whilst enhancing the contraction to 5-HT (>30.0 nM) in the distal intestine. The selective 5-HT2A and 5-HT2B receptor antagonists MDL-100907 and RS-127445 attenuated 5-HT-induced contractions (<10.0 µM) in the distal segments. RS-127445 also attenuated 5-HT-induced contractions in the central segments. The selective 5-HT2C receptor antagonist SB-242084, attenuated the responses to 5-HT (> 3.0 nM) in the proximal and central but not the distal regions. 8-OH-DPAT-induced relaxation was resistant to the antagonism by 5-HT1A/7 antagonists. DOI in the presence of 5-HT1A/2A/2B/2C antagonists induced greater contraction responses (>1.0 µM) in most tissues, whilst RS-127445, or SB-242084, reduced the responses to DOI (< 1.0 µM) in some tissues. SB-242084 also suppressed emesis-induced by motion and intragastric CuSO4. In conclusion, within different regions of intestine, 5-HT2 receptors are differently involved in contraction and emetic responses and that 8-OH-DPAT induces relaxation via non-5-HT1A/7 receptors. Suncus could provide a model to investigate these diverse actions of 5-HT.",
keywords = "5-Hydroxytryptamine, 8-OH-DPAT, DOI, 5-HT1A and 5-HT2 receptor subtypes, Suncus murinus intestine, 5-HT and 5-HT receptor subtypes",
author = "Javid, {Farideh A.} and Saeed Afshin-javid and Horn, {Charles C.}",
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T1 - Further investigation of the effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine, 8-OH-DPAT and DOI to mediate contraction and relaxation responses in the intestine and emesis in Suncus murinus

AU - Javid, Farideh A.

AU - Afshin-javid, Saeed

AU - Horn, Charles C.

PY - 2018/2/15

Y1 - 2018/2/15

N2 - 5-HT receptors are implicated in many gastrointestinal disorders. However, the precise role of 5-HT in mediating GI responses in Suncus murnius is still unclear. Therefore in this study, the effects of 5-HT and its agonists were investigated in Suncus. The involvement of 5-HT2C receptors in mediating emesis was also investigated. The ability of 5-HT and its agonists/antagonists at 5-HT1A and 5-HT2 to modify GI motility was investigated in vitro and in vivo. WAY100635 (a 5-HT1A antagonist) inhibited the contraction response to 5-HT in the proximal segments without affecting the maximum response; whilst enhancing the contraction to 5-HT (>30.0 nM) in the distal intestine. The selective 5-HT2A and 5-HT2B receptor antagonists MDL-100907 and RS-127445 attenuated 5-HT-induced contractions (<10.0 µM) in the distal segments. RS-127445 also attenuated 5-HT-induced contractions in the central segments. The selective 5-HT2C receptor antagonist SB-242084, attenuated the responses to 5-HT (> 3.0 nM) in the proximal and central but not the distal regions. 8-OH-DPAT-induced relaxation was resistant to the antagonism by 5-HT1A/7 antagonists. DOI in the presence of 5-HT1A/2A/2B/2C antagonists induced greater contraction responses (>1.0 µM) in most tissues, whilst RS-127445, or SB-242084, reduced the responses to DOI (< 1.0 µM) in some tissues. SB-242084 also suppressed emesis-induced by motion and intragastric CuSO4. In conclusion, within different regions of intestine, 5-HT2 receptors are differently involved in contraction and emetic responses and that 8-OH-DPAT induces relaxation via non-5-HT1A/7 receptors. Suncus could provide a model to investigate these diverse actions of 5-HT.

AB - 5-HT receptors are implicated in many gastrointestinal disorders. However, the precise role of 5-HT in mediating GI responses in Suncus murnius is still unclear. Therefore in this study, the effects of 5-HT and its agonists were investigated in Suncus. The involvement of 5-HT2C receptors in mediating emesis was also investigated. The ability of 5-HT and its agonists/antagonists at 5-HT1A and 5-HT2 to modify GI motility was investigated in vitro and in vivo. WAY100635 (a 5-HT1A antagonist) inhibited the contraction response to 5-HT in the proximal segments without affecting the maximum response; whilst enhancing the contraction to 5-HT (>30.0 nM) in the distal intestine. The selective 5-HT2A and 5-HT2B receptor antagonists MDL-100907 and RS-127445 attenuated 5-HT-induced contractions (<10.0 µM) in the distal segments. RS-127445 also attenuated 5-HT-induced contractions in the central segments. The selective 5-HT2C receptor antagonist SB-242084, attenuated the responses to 5-HT (> 3.0 nM) in the proximal and central but not the distal regions. 8-OH-DPAT-induced relaxation was resistant to the antagonism by 5-HT1A/7 antagonists. DOI in the presence of 5-HT1A/2A/2B/2C antagonists induced greater contraction responses (>1.0 µM) in most tissues, whilst RS-127445, or SB-242084, reduced the responses to DOI (< 1.0 µM) in some tissues. SB-242084 also suppressed emesis-induced by motion and intragastric CuSO4. In conclusion, within different regions of intestine, 5-HT2 receptors are differently involved in contraction and emetic responses and that 8-OH-DPAT induces relaxation via non-5-HT1A/7 receptors. Suncus could provide a model to investigate these diverse actions of 5-HT.

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KW - 5-HT1A and 5-HT2 receptor subtypes

KW - Suncus murinus intestine

KW - 5-HT and 5-HT receptor subtypes

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