Generation of warm dense matter using an argon based capillary discharge laser

A. K. Rossall, G. J. Tallents

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Argon based capillary discharge lasers operating in the extreme ultra violet (EUV) at 46.9nm with output up to 0.5mJ energy per pulse and repetition rates up to 10Hz are capable of focused irradiances of 109-1012Wcm-2 and can be used to generate plasma in the warm dense matter regime by irradiating solid material. To model the interaction between such an EUV laser and solid material, the 2D radiative-hydrodynamic code POLLUX has been modified to include absorption via direct photo-ionisation, a super-configuration model to describe the ionization-dependent electronic configurations and a calculation of plasma refractive indices for ray tracing of the incident EUV laser radiation. A simulation study is presented, demonstrating how capillary discharge lasers of 1200ps pulse duration can be used to generate warm dense matter at close to solid densities with temperatures of a few eV and energy densities up to 1×105Jcm-3. Plasmas produced by EUV laser irradiation are shown to be useful for examining the properties of warm dense matter as, for example, plasma emission is not masked by hotter, less dense plasma emission that occurs with visible/infra-red laser target irradiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-70
Number of pages4
JournalHigh Energy Density Physics
Early online date23 Apr 2015
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015
Externally publishedYes


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