Effective and convenient protocols using renewable sugar-derived palladium(0) nanoparticles (PdNPs) as in situ-formed catalysts for Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reactions in isopropanol under thermal and microwave heating conditions have been developed. The addition of a small amount of glucose (5 mol %) to the reaction mixture lead to an increase in yield of the cross-coupled products compared to control experiments that omitted glucose. The size and morphology of the in situ-formed PdNPs were determined by TEM, and further EF-TEM analysis showed a hydrophilic hydroxylated shell around the individual palladium particles. The polar/hydrophilic nature of the nanoparticles allowed for their facile removal from the cross-coupled product, and a significant decrease in the amount of palladium incorporated into the final product was observed, as measured by ICP-MS analysis.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering|
|Early online date||18 Nov 2013|
|Publication status||Published - 3 Mar 2014|