Green and Blue Infrastructure as Nature-Based Better Preparedness Solutions for Disaster Risk Reduction: Key Policy Aspects

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The impact of disasters has increased and intensified due to climate change, and its adverse impacts which have caused many losses and damage among communities worldwide. Studies have confirmed that the main causal factor is the adverse impact on the natural environment and its processes due to anthropogenic activities. Therefore, decision-makers are looking for new measures and approaches where ecosystems and nature-based solutions are recognised as successful and sustainable solutions. However, applications of ecosystems or nature-based solutions seem inadequate, particularly in planning disaster risk reduction at the local level. In this context, this paper aims to examine the policy perspective on green and blue infrastructure as a nature-based solution for better preparedness in disaster risk reduction. The study is based on a detailed literature review, combining a policy review supported by a review of academic papers. The results confirmed that international policies and frameworks recognised the importance of ecosystems or nature-based solutions as a best practice for disaster risk reduction where green and blue infrastructure can be successfully integrated. In conclusion, translating the ideas of nature-based solutions from international policies and frameworks into local and national level planning will strengthen community resilience through better preparedness.
Original languageEnglish
Article number16155
Number of pages26
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2022

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