Half-Time Strategies to Enhance Second-Half Performance in Team-Sports Players

A Review and Recommendations

Mark Russell, Daniel J. West, Liam Harper, Christian J. Cook, Liam P. Kilduff

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A number of intermittent team sports require that two consecutive periods of play (lasting for ~30–45 min) are separated by a 10–20 min half-time break. The half-time practices employed by team-sports players generally include returning to the changing rooms, temporarily relaxing from the cognitive and physical demands of the first half, rehydration and re-fuelling strategies, addressing injury or equipment concerns, and receiving tactical instruction and coach feedback. However, the typically passive nature of these actions has been associated with physiological changes that impair performance during the second half. Both physical and cognitive performances have been found to decline in the initial stages of subsequent exercise that follows half-time. An increased risk of injury has also been observed during this period. Therefore, half-time provides sports scientists and strength and conditioning coaches with an opportunity to optimise second-half performance. An overview of strategies thought to benefit team-sports athletes is presented; specifically, the efficacy of heat maintenance strategies (including passive and active methods), post-activation potentiation, hormonal priming, and modified hydro-nutritional practices are discussed. A theoretical model of applying these strategies in a manner that compliments current practice is also offered.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-364
Number of pages12
JournalSports Medicine
Volume45
Issue number3
Early online date12 Dec 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Sports
Fluid Therapy
Wounds and Injuries
Athletes
Theoretical Models
Hot Temperature
Maintenance
Exercise
Equipment and Supplies
Mentoring

Cite this

Russell, Mark ; West, Daniel J. ; Harper, Liam ; Cook, Christian J. ; Kilduff, Liam P. / Half-Time Strategies to Enhance Second-Half Performance in Team-Sports Players : A Review and Recommendations. In: Sports Medicine. 2015 ; Vol. 45, No. 3. pp. 353-364.
@article{d94cdd40c3ed4689bb0aa218428d73ee,
title = "Half-Time Strategies to Enhance Second-Half Performance in Team-Sports Players: A Review and Recommendations",
abstract = "A number of intermittent team sports require that two consecutive periods of play (lasting for ~30–45 min) are separated by a 10–20 min half-time break. The half-time practices employed by team-sports players generally include returning to the changing rooms, temporarily relaxing from the cognitive and physical demands of the first half, rehydration and re-fuelling strategies, addressing injury or equipment concerns, and receiving tactical instruction and coach feedback. However, the typically passive nature of these actions has been associated with physiological changes that impair performance during the second half. Both physical and cognitive performances have been found to decline in the initial stages of subsequent exercise that follows half-time. An increased risk of injury has also been observed during this period. Therefore, half-time provides sports scientists and strength and conditioning coaches with an opportunity to optimise second-half performance. An overview of strategies thought to benefit team-sports athletes is presented; specifically, the efficacy of heat maintenance strategies (including passive and active methods), post-activation potentiation, hormonal priming, and modified hydro-nutritional practices are discussed. A theoretical model of applying these strategies in a manner that compliments current practice is also offered.",
author = "Mark Russell and West, {Daniel J.} and Liam Harper and Cook, {Christian J.} and Kilduff, {Liam P.}",
year = "2015",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1007/s40279-014-0297-0",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "353--364",
journal = "Sports Medicine",
issn = "0112-1642",
publisher = "Springer International Publishing AG",
number = "3",

}

Half-Time Strategies to Enhance Second-Half Performance in Team-Sports Players : A Review and Recommendations. / Russell, Mark; West, Daniel J.; Harper, Liam; Cook, Christian J.; Kilduff, Liam P.

In: Sports Medicine, Vol. 45, No. 3, 03.2015, p. 353-364.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Half-Time Strategies to Enhance Second-Half Performance in Team-Sports Players

T2 - A Review and Recommendations

AU - Russell, Mark

AU - West, Daniel J.

AU - Harper, Liam

AU - Cook, Christian J.

AU - Kilduff, Liam P.

PY - 2015/3

Y1 - 2015/3

N2 - A number of intermittent team sports require that two consecutive periods of play (lasting for ~30–45 min) are separated by a 10–20 min half-time break. The half-time practices employed by team-sports players generally include returning to the changing rooms, temporarily relaxing from the cognitive and physical demands of the first half, rehydration and re-fuelling strategies, addressing injury or equipment concerns, and receiving tactical instruction and coach feedback. However, the typically passive nature of these actions has been associated with physiological changes that impair performance during the second half. Both physical and cognitive performances have been found to decline in the initial stages of subsequent exercise that follows half-time. An increased risk of injury has also been observed during this period. Therefore, half-time provides sports scientists and strength and conditioning coaches with an opportunity to optimise second-half performance. An overview of strategies thought to benefit team-sports athletes is presented; specifically, the efficacy of heat maintenance strategies (including passive and active methods), post-activation potentiation, hormonal priming, and modified hydro-nutritional practices are discussed. A theoretical model of applying these strategies in a manner that compliments current practice is also offered.

AB - A number of intermittent team sports require that two consecutive periods of play (lasting for ~30–45 min) are separated by a 10–20 min half-time break. The half-time practices employed by team-sports players generally include returning to the changing rooms, temporarily relaxing from the cognitive and physical demands of the first half, rehydration and re-fuelling strategies, addressing injury or equipment concerns, and receiving tactical instruction and coach feedback. However, the typically passive nature of these actions has been associated with physiological changes that impair performance during the second half. Both physical and cognitive performances have been found to decline in the initial stages of subsequent exercise that follows half-time. An increased risk of injury has also been observed during this period. Therefore, half-time provides sports scientists and strength and conditioning coaches with an opportunity to optimise second-half performance. An overview of strategies thought to benefit team-sports athletes is presented; specifically, the efficacy of heat maintenance strategies (including passive and active methods), post-activation potentiation, hormonal priming, and modified hydro-nutritional practices are discussed. A theoretical model of applying these strategies in a manner that compliments current practice is also offered.

UR - https://link.springer.com/journal/40279

U2 - 10.1007/s40279-014-0297-0

DO - 10.1007/s40279-014-0297-0

M3 - Review article

VL - 45

SP - 353

EP - 364

JO - Sports Medicine

JF - Sports Medicine

SN - 0112-1642

IS - 3

ER -