Hate crime victimisation

Kevin Wong, Kris Christmann

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Hate crime as an area of justice and social policy has a relatively recent history, although it's not a new phenomenon. Drawing on evidence primarily from the United Kingdom and United States, this chapter examines four issues of particular salience to understanding hate crime victimization policy and practice: how hate crime is defined; how hate crime is measured; why victims under-report hate crime and how to encourage victims to report; and the effectiveness of services for hate crime victims. It concludes by offering a whole system model of support for hate crime victims that spans the victim's journey before, during and after the end of their engagement with the criminal justice system.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook on Victims' Issues in Criminal Justice
EditorsCliff Roberson
PublisherRoutledge
Pages102-117
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)978-1138184718
Publication statusPublished - 27 Apr 2017

Fingerprint

hate crime
victimization
justice
system model
history

Cite this

Wong, K., & Christmann, K. (2017). Hate crime victimisation. In C. Roberson (Ed.), Handbook on Victims' Issues in Criminal Justice (pp. 102-117). Routledge.
Wong, Kevin ; Christmann, Kris. / Hate crime victimisation. Handbook on Victims' Issues in Criminal Justice. editor / Cliff Roberson. Routledge, 2017. pp. 102-117
@inbook{65c4d156ef4641c6b5017d5b875c21b6,
title = "Hate crime victimisation",
abstract = "Hate crime as an area of justice and social policy has a relatively recent history, although it's not a new phenomenon. Drawing on evidence primarily from the United Kingdom and United States, this chapter examines four issues of particular salience to understanding hate crime victimization policy and practice: how hate crime is defined; how hate crime is measured; why victims under-report hate crime and how to encourage victims to report; and the effectiveness of services for hate crime victims. It concludes by offering a whole system model of support for hate crime victims that spans the victim's journey before, during and after the end of their engagement with the criminal justice system.",
keywords = "Hate crimes, Racially motivated crimes, Victims",
author = "Kevin Wong and Kris Christmann",
year = "2017",
month = "4",
day = "27",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-1138184718",
pages = "102--117",
editor = "Cliff Roberson",
booktitle = "Handbook on Victims' Issues in Criminal Justice",
publisher = "Routledge",
address = "United Kingdom",

}

Wong, K & Christmann, K 2017, Hate crime victimisation. in C Roberson (ed.), Handbook on Victims' Issues in Criminal Justice. Routledge, pp. 102-117.

Hate crime victimisation. / Wong, Kevin; Christmann, Kris.

Handbook on Victims' Issues in Criminal Justice. ed. / Cliff Roberson. Routledge, 2017. p. 102-117.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - Hate crime victimisation

AU - Wong, Kevin

AU - Christmann, Kris

PY - 2017/4/27

Y1 - 2017/4/27

N2 - Hate crime as an area of justice and social policy has a relatively recent history, although it's not a new phenomenon. Drawing on evidence primarily from the United Kingdom and United States, this chapter examines four issues of particular salience to understanding hate crime victimization policy and practice: how hate crime is defined; how hate crime is measured; why victims under-report hate crime and how to encourage victims to report; and the effectiveness of services for hate crime victims. It concludes by offering a whole system model of support for hate crime victims that spans the victim's journey before, during and after the end of their engagement with the criminal justice system.

AB - Hate crime as an area of justice and social policy has a relatively recent history, although it's not a new phenomenon. Drawing on evidence primarily from the United Kingdom and United States, this chapter examines four issues of particular salience to understanding hate crime victimization policy and practice: how hate crime is defined; how hate crime is measured; why victims under-report hate crime and how to encourage victims to report; and the effectiveness of services for hate crime victims. It concludes by offering a whole system model of support for hate crime victims that spans the victim's journey before, during and after the end of their engagement with the criminal justice system.

KW - Hate crimes

KW - Racially motivated crimes

KW - Victims

M3 - Chapter

SN - 978-1138184718

SP - 102

EP - 117

BT - Handbook on Victims' Issues in Criminal Justice

A2 - Roberson, Cliff

PB - Routledge

ER -

Wong K, Christmann K. Hate crime victimisation. In Roberson C, editor, Handbook on Victims' Issues in Criminal Justice. Routledge. 2017. p. 102-117