High Densification of Tungsten via Hot Pressing at 1300 °C in Carbon Presence

Oleksii Popov, Vladimir Vishnyakov

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1 Citation (Scopus)


A reactive sintering technique with a small addition of carbon (up to 1.9 wt.%) has been used for tungsten powder consolidation. The process allowed procurement of the nonporous and fully densified material at 1300 °C and 30 MPa in 12 min. The SEM and EDX analysis showed that the milling of 5 μm tungsten powder with 0.6, 1.3, and 1.9 wt.% of carbon in a planetary mill led to the formation of the nanostructured mix, which appears to be W-C nanopowder surrounding tungsten grains. X-Ray Diffractometry data indicated tungsten hemicarbide (W2C) nucleation during the hot pressing of the milled powders. The exothermic reaction 2W + C → W2C occurs during the sin-tering process and promotes charge densification. The Vickers hardness and indentation toughness of W-1.3 wt.%C composition reached 5.7 GPa and 12.6 MPa∙m1/2, respectively. High toughness and high material densification allow proposing the W-WC2 for use as a plasma-facing material in fusion applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3641
Number of pages10
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 19 May 2022


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