High sensitivity hollow core circular shaped PCF surface plasmonic biosensor employing silver coat: A numerical design and analysis with external sensing approach

Md Biplob Hossain, S. M. Riazul Islam, K. M. Tasrif Hossain, Lway Faisal Abdulrazak, Md Nazmus Sakib, I. S. Amiri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


This article numerically offers and analyses a hollow core circular shaped photonic crystal fiber-based surface plasmon resonance (CH-PCF-SPR) biosensor. The biosensor sensitivity is analyzed with applying a mode solver built finite element method (FEM) incorporating multi-physics software “COMSOL”. A nano film of silver is coated as sensing layer on the external surface for easy sensing and more practical realization. The biosensor unveils the highest wavelength sensitivity valued 21000 nm/RIU and amplitude sensitivity valued 2456 RIU−1, and corresponding wavelength resolution of 4.76 × 10−6 RIU and amplitude resolution of 4.07 × 10−6 RIU, respectively, using wavelength interrogation technique (WIT) and technique of amplitude interrogation (AIT), in detecting effective refractive index range 1.33 RIU and 1.42 RIU. Besides, the consequence of changing structural parameters like – pitch, diameter of air hole, various plasmonic metals and silver (Ag) layer thickness are also resulted in results section. The sensitivity of the offered sensor is analyzed to examine the means of spectral loss depth, resolution and amplitude sensitivity. In arrears to the modest scheme, highly sensitive and resolution nature, the offered design can be precisely applied in detection of bio molecular analytes
Original languageEnglish
Article number102909
Number of pages6
JournalResults in Physics
Early online date6 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes

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