Hot electron production in laser solid interactions with a controlled pre-pulse

O. Culfa, G. J. Tallents, E. Wagenaars, C. P. Ridgers, R. J. Dance, A. K. Rossall, R. J. Gray, P. McKenna, C. D R Brown, S. F. James, D. J. Hoarty, Christopher Neal Booth, A. P L Robinson, K. L. Lancaster, S. A. Pikuz, A. Ya Faenov, T. Kampfer, K. S. Schulze, I. Uschmann, N. C. Woolsey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Hot electron generation plays an important role in the fast ignition approach to inertial confinement fusion (ICF) and other applications with ultra-intense lasers. Hot electrons of temperature up to 10-20MeV have been produced by high contrast picosecond duration laser pulses focussed to intensities of ∼1020W cm-2 with a deliberate pre-pulse on solid targets using the Vulcan Petawatt Laser facility. We present measurements of the number and temperature of hot electrons obtained using an electron spectrometer. The results are correlated to the density scale length of the plasma produced by a controlled pre-pulse measured using an optical probe diagnostic. 1D simulations predict electron temperature variations with plasma density scale length in agreement with the experiment at shorter plasma scale lengths (<7.5μm), but with the experimental temperatures (13-17MeV) dropping below the simulation values (20-25MeV) at longer scale lengths. The experimental results show that longer interaction plasmas produced by pre-pulses enable significantly greater number of hot electrons to be produced.

LanguageEnglish
Article number043106
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

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hot electrons
pulses
lasers
interactions
plasma interactions
inertial confinement fusion
ignition
plasma density
temperature
simulation
spectrometers
electron energy
probes
electrons

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Culfa, O., Tallents, G. J., Wagenaars, E., Ridgers, C. P., Dance, R. J., Rossall, A. K., ... Woolsey, N. C. (2014). Hot electron production in laser solid interactions with a controlled pre-pulse. Physics of Plasmas, 21(4), [043106]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4870633
Culfa, O. ; Tallents, G. J. ; Wagenaars, E. ; Ridgers, C. P. ; Dance, R. J. ; Rossall, A. K. ; Gray, R. J. ; McKenna, P. ; Brown, C. D R ; James, S. F. ; Hoarty, D. J. ; Booth, Christopher Neal ; Robinson, A. P L ; Lancaster, K. L. ; Pikuz, S. A. ; Faenov, A. Ya ; Kampfer, T. ; Schulze, K. S. ; Uschmann, I. ; Woolsey, N. C. / Hot electron production in laser solid interactions with a controlled pre-pulse. In: Physics of Plasmas. 2014 ; Vol. 21, No. 4.
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abstract = "Hot electron generation plays an important role in the fast ignition approach to inertial confinement fusion (ICF) and other applications with ultra-intense lasers. Hot electrons of temperature up to 10-20MeV have been produced by high contrast picosecond duration laser pulses focussed to intensities of ∼1020W cm-2 with a deliberate pre-pulse on solid targets using the Vulcan Petawatt Laser facility. We present measurements of the number and temperature of hot electrons obtained using an electron spectrometer. The results are correlated to the density scale length of the plasma produced by a controlled pre-pulse measured using an optical probe diagnostic. 1D simulations predict electron temperature variations with plasma density scale length in agreement with the experiment at shorter plasma scale lengths (<7.5μm), but with the experimental temperatures (13-17MeV) dropping below the simulation values (20-25MeV) at longer scale lengths. The experimental results show that longer interaction plasmas produced by pre-pulses enable significantly greater number of hot electrons to be produced.",
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Culfa, O, Tallents, GJ, Wagenaars, E, Ridgers, CP, Dance, RJ, Rossall, AK, Gray, RJ, McKenna, P, Brown, CDR, James, SF, Hoarty, DJ, Booth, CN, Robinson, APL, Lancaster, KL, Pikuz, SA, Faenov, AY, Kampfer, T, Schulze, KS, Uschmann, I & Woolsey, NC 2014, 'Hot electron production in laser solid interactions with a controlled pre-pulse', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 21, no. 4, 043106. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4870633

Hot electron production in laser solid interactions with a controlled pre-pulse. / Culfa, O.; Tallents, G. J.; Wagenaars, E.; Ridgers, C. P.; Dance, R. J.; Rossall, A. K.; Gray, R. J.; McKenna, P.; Brown, C. D R; James, S. F.; Hoarty, D. J.; Booth, Christopher Neal; Robinson, A. P L; Lancaster, K. L.; Pikuz, S. A.; Faenov, A. Ya; Kampfer, T.; Schulze, K. S.; Uschmann, I.; Woolsey, N. C.

In: Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 21, No. 4, 043106, 2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hot electron production in laser solid interactions with a controlled pre-pulse

AU - Culfa, O.

AU - Tallents, G. J.

AU - Wagenaars, E.

AU - Ridgers, C. P.

AU - Dance, R. J.

AU - Rossall, A. K.

AU - Gray, R. J.

AU - McKenna, P.

AU - Brown, C. D R

AU - James, S. F.

AU - Hoarty, D. J.

AU - Booth, Christopher Neal

AU - Robinson, A. P L

AU - Lancaster, K. L.

AU - Pikuz, S. A.

AU - Faenov, A. Ya

AU - Kampfer, T.

AU - Schulze, K. S.

AU - Uschmann, I.

AU - Woolsey, N. C.

N1 - No full text in Eprints. HN 23/11/2017

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Hot electron generation plays an important role in the fast ignition approach to inertial confinement fusion (ICF) and other applications with ultra-intense lasers. Hot electrons of temperature up to 10-20MeV have been produced by high contrast picosecond duration laser pulses focussed to intensities of ∼1020W cm-2 with a deliberate pre-pulse on solid targets using the Vulcan Petawatt Laser facility. We present measurements of the number and temperature of hot electrons obtained using an electron spectrometer. The results are correlated to the density scale length of the plasma produced by a controlled pre-pulse measured using an optical probe diagnostic. 1D simulations predict electron temperature variations with plasma density scale length in agreement with the experiment at shorter plasma scale lengths (<7.5μm), but with the experimental temperatures (13-17MeV) dropping below the simulation values (20-25MeV) at longer scale lengths. The experimental results show that longer interaction plasmas produced by pre-pulses enable significantly greater number of hot electrons to be produced.

AB - Hot electron generation plays an important role in the fast ignition approach to inertial confinement fusion (ICF) and other applications with ultra-intense lasers. Hot electrons of temperature up to 10-20MeV have been produced by high contrast picosecond duration laser pulses focussed to intensities of ∼1020W cm-2 with a deliberate pre-pulse on solid targets using the Vulcan Petawatt Laser facility. We present measurements of the number and temperature of hot electrons obtained using an electron spectrometer. The results are correlated to the density scale length of the plasma produced by a controlled pre-pulse measured using an optical probe diagnostic. 1D simulations predict electron temperature variations with plasma density scale length in agreement with the experiment at shorter plasma scale lengths (<7.5μm), but with the experimental temperatures (13-17MeV) dropping below the simulation values (20-25MeV) at longer scale lengths. The experimental results show that longer interaction plasmas produced by pre-pulses enable significantly greater number of hot electrons to be produced.

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U2 - 10.1063/1.4870633

DO - 10.1063/1.4870633

M3 - Article

VL - 21

JO - Physics of Plasmas

T2 - Physics of Plasmas

JF - Physics of Plasmas

SN - 1070-664X

IS - 4

M1 - 043106

ER -