Human-robot collaboration disassembly planning for end-of-life product disassembly process

Soran Parsa, Mozafar Saadat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


The disassembly process is the main step of dealing with End-Of-Life (EOL) products. This process is carried out mostly manually so far. Manual disassembly is not efficient economically and the robotic systems are not reliable in dealing with complex disassembly operations as they have high-level uncertainty. In this research, a disassembly planning method based on human-robot collaboration is proposed. This method employs the flexibility and ability of humans to deal with complex tasks, alongside the repeatability and accuracy of the robot. Besides, to increase the efficiency of the process the components are targeted based on the remanufacturability parameters. First, human-robot collaboration tasks are classified, and using evaluation of components remanufacturability parameters, human-robot collaboration definition and characteristics are defined. To target the right components based on their remanufacturability factors, the PROMETHEE II method is employed to select the components based on Cleanability, Reparability, and Economy. Then, the disassembly process is represented using AND/OR representation and the mathematical model of the process is defined. New optimization parameters for human-robot collaboration are defined and the genetic algorithm was modified to find a near-optimal solution based on the defined parameters. To validate the task classification and allocation, a 6-DOF TECHMAN robot arm is used to test the peg-out-hole disassembly operation as a common disassembly task. The experiments confirm the task classification and allocation method. Finally, an automotive component was selected as a case study to validate the efficiency of the proposed method. The results in comparison with the Particle Swarm algorithm prove the efficiency and reliability of the method. This method produces a higher quality solution for the human-robot collaborative disassembly process.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102170
Number of pages15
JournalRobotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing
Early online date13 Apr 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes

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