Hydrodynamic characterization of the exopolysaccharide from the halophilic cyanobacterium Aphanothece halophytica GR02

A comparison with xanthan

G. A. Morris, P. Li, M. Puaud, Z. Liu, J. R. Mitchell, S. E. Harding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A bacterial exopolysaccharide from Aphanothece halophytica GR02 (AH-EPS) solubilized in buffered 1 M guanidine hydrochloride, GuHCl was studied using capillary viscometry, double gap viscometry, sedimentation velocity and sedimentation equilibrium using analytical ultracentrifugation. Results from capillary viscometry indicate that the exopolysaccharide is xanthan-like in its shear thinning properties. This was confirmed by double gap viscometry. Sedimentation velocity (distribution of apparent sedimentation coefficients) confirmed that the AH-EPS solution was reasonably homogeneous and a hyper-sharp boundary indicated that AH-EPS is a rigid/extra-rigid rod type polysaccharide. Sedimentation equilibrium confirmed the high molecular weight indicated by viscosity measurements. In order to ascertain whether the solution physical properties of AH-EPS are xanthan-like under the conditions studied, all the above experiments were repeated on a similarly treated xanthan solution in the same solvent. Results indicate that AH-EPS is indeed xanthan-like in its physical properties at least in the system studied. Xanthan properties in GuHCl do not appear too different from those studied in more traditional solvents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-268
Number of pages8
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume44
Issue number3
Early online date27 Nov 2000
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2001
Externally publishedYes

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Viscosity measurement
Sedimentation
Hydrodynamics
Physical properties
Shear thinning
Guanidine
Polysaccharides
Velocity distribution
Molecular weight
Cyanobacteria
xanthan gum
Experiments

Cite this

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title = "Hydrodynamic characterization of the exopolysaccharide from the halophilic cyanobacterium Aphanothece halophytica GR02: A comparison with xanthan",
abstract = "A bacterial exopolysaccharide from Aphanothece halophytica GR02 (AH-EPS) solubilized in buffered 1 M guanidine hydrochloride, GuHCl was studied using capillary viscometry, double gap viscometry, sedimentation velocity and sedimentation equilibrium using analytical ultracentrifugation. Results from capillary viscometry indicate that the exopolysaccharide is xanthan-like in its shear thinning properties. This was confirmed by double gap viscometry. Sedimentation velocity (distribution of apparent sedimentation coefficients) confirmed that the AH-EPS solution was reasonably homogeneous and a hyper-sharp boundary indicated that AH-EPS is a rigid/extra-rigid rod type polysaccharide. Sedimentation equilibrium confirmed the high molecular weight indicated by viscosity measurements. In order to ascertain whether the solution physical properties of AH-EPS are xanthan-like under the conditions studied, all the above experiments were repeated on a similarly treated xanthan solution in the same solvent. Results indicate that AH-EPS is indeed xanthan-like in its physical properties at least in the system studied. Xanthan properties in GuHCl do not appear too different from those studied in more traditional solvents.",
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Hydrodynamic characterization of the exopolysaccharide from the halophilic cyanobacterium Aphanothece halophytica GR02 : A comparison with xanthan. / Morris, G. A.; Li, P.; Puaud, M.; Liu, Z.; Mitchell, J. R.; Harding, S. E.

In: Carbohydrate Polymers, Vol. 44, No. 3, 03.2001, p. 261-268.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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