Hydrothermal carbonisation of poultry litter: Effects of treatment temperature and residence time on yields and chemical properties of hydrochars

Bashir M. Ghanim, Daya Shankar Pandey, Witold Kwapinski, James J. Leahy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, hydrochars were prepared by hydrothermal carbonisation (HTC) of poultry litter (PL) at temperatures between 150-300 °C with residence times of 30, 120 and 480 min. The effects of treatment temperature and residence time on the yield and composition of hydrochar were investigated. Both treatment temperature and residence time effects were observed however, the effect of residence time was lower. The results indicated that the HHV was improved by up to 25.17% and the overall ash in hydrochar was significantly lower compared to PL, however this coincided with a lower hydrochar yield.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-380
Number of pages8
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume216
Early online date24 May 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2016
Externally publishedYes

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