Hyper-realistic face masks

a new challenge in person identification

Jet Gabrielle Sanders, Yoshiyuki Ueda, Kazusa Minemoto, Eilidh Noyes, Sakiko Yoshikawa, Rob Jenkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We often identify people using face images. This is true in occupational settings such as passport control as well as in everyday social environments. Mapping between images and identities assumes that facial appearance is stable within certain bounds. For example, a person’s apparent age, gender and ethnicity change slowly, if at all. It also assumes that deliberate changes beyond these bounds (i.e., disguises) would be easy to spot. Hyper-realistic face masks overturn these assumptions by allowing the wearer to look like an entirely different person. If unnoticed, these masks break the link between facial appearance and personal identity, with clear implications for applied face recognition. However, to date, no one has assessed the realism of these masks, or specified conditions under which they may be accepted as real faces. Herein, we examined incidental detection of unexpected but attended hyper-realistic masks in both photographic and live presentations. Experiment 1 (UK; n = 60) revealed no evidence for overt detection of hyper-realistic masks among real face photos, and little evidence of covert detection. Experiment 2 (Japan; n = 60) extended these findings to different masks, mask-wearers and participant pools. In Experiment 3 (UK and Japan; n = 407), passers-by failed to notice that a live confederate was wearing a hyper-realistic mask and showed limited evidence of covert detection, even at close viewing distance (5 vs. 20 m). Across all of these studies, viewers accepted hyper-realistic masks as real faces. Specific countermeasures will be required if detection rates are to be improved.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
JournalCognitive Research: Principles and Implications
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Oct 2017
Externally publishedYes

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Sanders, Jet Gabrielle ; Ueda, Yoshiyuki ; Minemoto, Kazusa ; Noyes, Eilidh ; Yoshikawa, Sakiko ; Jenkins, Rob. / Hyper-realistic face masks : a new challenge in person identification. In: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications. 2017.
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Hyper-realistic face masks : a new challenge in person identification. / Sanders, Jet Gabrielle; Ueda, Yoshiyuki; Minemoto, Kazusa; Noyes, Eilidh; Yoshikawa, Sakiko; Jenkins, Rob.

In: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 25.10.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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