Inclusive Education in Flanders, Belgium: A Country with a Long History of Segregation

Elisabeth De Schauwer, Inge Van de Putte, Gauthier de Beco

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


This chapter examines the situation of inclusive education in Flanders, Belgium. Despite the high degree of diversity, Flanders has great difficulties in dealing with the variety of pupils. Regarding inclusive education, Flemish teachers state they are ‘scared’, ‘nervous’, ‘apprehensive’, ‘angry’, and ‘worried’. The number of students in special education has been increasing continuously since 2000. The three authors analyse the current education system which has in fact a strong history of two broad, separate, and well-equipped systems: regular and special education. Following the CRPD ratification, Flanders adopted a new policy through the M-decree. The implementation and challenges of the M-decree are mapped. Assumptions on deficit-thinking, labeling, and special education continue to be seen as the best solution for children with special educational needs in Flanders.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Right to Inclusive Education in International Human Rights Law
EditorsGauthier de Beco, Shivaun Quinlivan, Janet E. Lord
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9781316392881
ISBN (Print)9781107121188
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2019

Publication series

NameCambridge Disability Law and Policy
PublisherCambridge University Press


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