In the study of individual differences in education outcomes, researchers often focus on cognitive (e.g., language) or non-cognitive (e.g., motivation) variables to predict these outcomes. In this chapter, we focus on non-cognitive predictors and discuss the model of mental toughness, a set of attributes characterised by the following traits: challenge, commitment, control (life and emotions) and confidence (interpersonal and abilities). The extent to which these traits align with more commonly studied non-cognitive attributes (e.g., motivation, resilience) are discussed, as are new research findings applying the mental toughness model in education settings (specifically secondary school and higher education). In addition, proposals to use this model to better understand a range of education outcomes, from primary to higher education, are considered.
|Title of host publication||Psychology of Individual Differences|
|Subtitle of host publication||New Research|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Number of pages||24|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2015|