Influence of pH on mechanical relaxations in high solids LM-pectin preparations

K. Alba, S. Kasapis, V. Kontogiorgos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The influence of pH on the mechanical relaxation of LM-pectin in the presence of co-solute has been investigated by means of differential scanning calorimetry, ζ-potential measurements and small deformation dynamic oscillation in shear. pH was found to affect the conformational properties of the polyelectrolyte altering its structural behavior. Cooling scans in the vicinity of the glass transition region revealed a remarkable change in the viscoelastic functions as the polyelectrolyte rearranges from extended (neutral pH) to compact conformations (acidic pH). This conformational rearrangement was experimentally observed to result in early vitrification at neutral pH values where dissociation of galacturonic acid residues takes place. Time-temperature superposition of the mechanical shift factors and theoretical modeling utilizing WLF kinetics confirmed the accelerated kinetics of glass transition in the extended pectin conformation at neutral pH. Determination of the relaxation spectra of the samples using spectral analysis of the master curves revealed that the relaxation of macromolecules occurs within ∼0.1 s regardless of the solvent pH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-188
Number of pages7
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume127
Early online date30 Mar 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Aug 2015

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Anelastic relaxation
Polyelectrolytes
Conformations
Glass transition
Vitrification
Kinetics
Macromolecules
Spectrum analysis
Differential scanning calorimetry
Cooling
Acids
Glass
Differential Scanning Calorimetry
Temperature
pectin
galacturonic acid

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Alba, K. ; Kasapis, S. ; Kontogiorgos, V. / Influence of pH on mechanical relaxations in high solids LM-pectin preparations. In: Carbohydrate Polymers. 2015 ; Vol. 127. pp. 182-188.
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Influence of pH on mechanical relaxations in high solids LM-pectin preparations. / Alba, K.; Kasapis, S.; Kontogiorgos, V.

In: Carbohydrate Polymers, Vol. 127, 20.08.2015, p. 182-188.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Influence of pH on mechanical relaxations in high solids LM-pectin preparations

AU - Alba, K.

AU - Kasapis, S.

AU - Kontogiorgos, V.

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N2 - The influence of pH on the mechanical relaxation of LM-pectin in the presence of co-solute has been investigated by means of differential scanning calorimetry, ζ-potential measurements and small deformation dynamic oscillation in shear. pH was found to affect the conformational properties of the polyelectrolyte altering its structural behavior. Cooling scans in the vicinity of the glass transition region revealed a remarkable change in the viscoelastic functions as the polyelectrolyte rearranges from extended (neutral pH) to compact conformations (acidic pH). This conformational rearrangement was experimentally observed to result in early vitrification at neutral pH values where dissociation of galacturonic acid residues takes place. Time-temperature superposition of the mechanical shift factors and theoretical modeling utilizing WLF kinetics confirmed the accelerated kinetics of glass transition in the extended pectin conformation at neutral pH. Determination of the relaxation spectra of the samples using spectral analysis of the master curves revealed that the relaxation of macromolecules occurs within ∼0.1 s regardless of the solvent pH.

AB - The influence of pH on the mechanical relaxation of LM-pectin in the presence of co-solute has been investigated by means of differential scanning calorimetry, ζ-potential measurements and small deformation dynamic oscillation in shear. pH was found to affect the conformational properties of the polyelectrolyte altering its structural behavior. Cooling scans in the vicinity of the glass transition region revealed a remarkable change in the viscoelastic functions as the polyelectrolyte rearranges from extended (neutral pH) to compact conformations (acidic pH). This conformational rearrangement was experimentally observed to result in early vitrification at neutral pH values where dissociation of galacturonic acid residues takes place. Time-temperature superposition of the mechanical shift factors and theoretical modeling utilizing WLF kinetics confirmed the accelerated kinetics of glass transition in the extended pectin conformation at neutral pH. Determination of the relaxation spectra of the samples using spectral analysis of the master curves revealed that the relaxation of macromolecules occurs within ∼0.1 s regardless of the solvent pH.

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KW - Glass transition

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KW - Relaxation

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