Influence of practice schedules and attention on skill development and retention

Louisa D. Raisbeck, Alison Regal, Jed A. Diekfuss, Christopher K. Rhea, Paul Ward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Focus of attention during dual-tasks and practice schedules are important components of motor skill performance and learning; often studied in isolation. The current study required participants to complete a simple key-pressing task under a blocked or random practice schedule. To manipulate attention, participants reported their finger position (i.e., skill-focused attention) or the pitch of an auditory tone (i.e., extraneous attention) while performing two variations of a dual-task key-pressing task. Analyses were conducted at baseline, 10 min and 24 h after acquisition. The results revealed that participants in a blocked schedule, extraneous focus condition had significantly faster movement times during retention compared to a blocked schedule, skill focus condition. Furthermore, greatest improvements from baseline to immediate and delayed retention were evident for an extraneous attention compared to the skill-focused attention, regardless of practice schedule. A discussion of the unique benefits an extraneous focus of attention may have on the learning process during dual-task conditions is presented.
LanguageEnglish
Pages100-106
Number of pages7
JournalHuman Movement Science
Volume43
Early online date3 Aug 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015

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Raisbeck, Louisa D. ; Regal, Alison ; Diekfuss, Jed A. ; Rhea, Christopher K. ; Ward, Paul. / Influence of practice schedules and attention on skill development and retention. In: Human Movement Science. 2015 ; Vol. 43. pp. 100-106.
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Influence of practice schedules and attention on skill development and retention. / Raisbeck, Louisa D.; Regal, Alison; Diekfuss, Jed A.; Rhea, Christopher K.; Ward, Paul.

In: Human Movement Science, Vol. 43, 10.2015, p. 100-106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Regal, Alison

AU - Diekfuss, Jed A.

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AU - Ward, Paul

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