Disposition studies in the same animals as those used for assessment of antitumour and toxic effects could increase understanding of the variation in response to cytotoxic drugs. Tissue and plasma levels of ThioTEPA and triethylenephosphoramide (TEPA) were measured to see if any correlation existed between them and the effects of the drug on a series of mouse colon tumours (MAC). The tumour panel included an ascitic form (MAC 15A), an anaplastic (MAC 13) and a well-differentiated (MAC 26) solid tumour, all grown subcutaneously. The maximum tolerated dose of ThioTEPA was 20 mg kg-1 in females bearing MAC 13 and 15 mg kg-1 in males having MAC 15A or 26. The diverse growth characteristics of the tumour cell lines necessitated the use of different methods for assessment of response. After administration of the maximum tolerated dose, the greatest response was observed in MAC 26, in which a growth delay of 15 days - twice the doubling time of the tumour volume - occurred. ThioTEPA produced 58% inhibition of MAC 13 tumour weight, but MAC 15A was unresponsive. One hour after intraperitoneal administration of ThioTEPA (20 mg kg-1), ratios of tissue to plasma concentration were 1.13, 0.87 and 1.17 in tumours and 0.80, 0.75 and 0.73 in spleens of mice bearing MAC 13, 15A and 26 respectively. These data show greater accumulation of drug in neoplastic than in normal tissues. The pattern of distribution of the metabolite was similar, but there was a lesser degree of tissue accumulation than by the drug. Concentrations of drug and metabolite in neoplastic tissues related to their protein content were 116.0, 126.3 and 183.3 μg ThioTEPA/g and 57.5, 83.1 and 78.6 μg TEPA/g in MAC 13, 15A and 26 respectively. Combination of these chemosensitivity and pharmacokinetic data indicates that differences in response of these tumours to ThioTEPA cannot be explained by the availability of the drug and metabolite. The therapeutic effects of ThioTEPA cannot be predicted purely from a knowledge of drug and metabolite disposition.