Influences of Building and Urban Typologies on the Study of Thermal Comfort in 'Shophouse' Dwellings in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Thanh Dang, Adrian Pitts

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The ‘Shophouse’ is a repetitive form of vernacular residential building type found in Vietnam and Southeast Asia. The main mechanism for controlling the indoor environment of most shophouses across Vietnam is natural ventilation. However, under the pressures of climate change and rapid urbanisation, the indoor thermal conditions of shophouses have become uncomfortable for occupants. Consequently, demand for cooling energy is increasing year-on-year. This paper presents the classification of architecture and urban typologies of shophouses and their subdivisions along with key characteristics found in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. The studies of thermal environment in shophouses identified that thermal conditions varied in a partially systematic way when classified according to building and urban typologies. They also showed the indoor environment in row houses of new residential communities is more comfortable than other types. The comparison of thermal performances in the shophouses indicates a relationship between comfort and energy expenditure for the building/urban typologies across the city. The understanding of the thermal performance of different shophouse typologies and their urban structure types significantly contributes to the development of policies and standards for shophouse construction and planning to optimise comfort and energy efficiency.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPLEA 2017 Conference Proceedings
Subtitle of host publicationDesign to Thrive
EditorsLuisa Brotas, Susan Roaf, Fergus Nicol
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9780992895754
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2017
Event33rd Passive Low Energy Architecture International Conference: Design to Thrive - Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Duration: 3 Jul 20175 Jul 2017
Conference number: 33 (Link to Conference Website)


Conference33rd Passive Low Energy Architecture International Conference
Abbreviated titlePLEA 2017
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
Internet address


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