### Abstract

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 3074-3096 |

Number of pages | 23 |

Journal | International Journal of Production Research |

Volume | 52 |

Issue number | 10 |

Early online date | 9 Dec 2013 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 19 May 2014 |

Externally published | Yes |

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### Cite this

*International Journal of Production Research*,

*52*(10), 3074-3096. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207543.2013.864054

}

*International Journal of Production Research*, vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 3074-3096. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207543.2013.864054

**Integrated low-carbon distribution system for the demand side of a product distribution supply chain : A DoE-guided MOPSO optimiser-based solution approach.** / Validi, Sahar; Bhattacharya, Arijit; Byrne, P.j.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Integrated low-carbon distribution system for the demand side of a product distribution supply chain

T2 - A DoE-guided MOPSO optimiser-based solution approach

AU - Validi, Sahar

AU - Bhattacharya, Arijit

AU - Byrne, P.j.

N1 - Author not shown as affiliated to UoH on the publisher's website HN 02/08/17. No record of this in Eprints. HN 29/11/2017

PY - 2014/5/19

Y1 - 2014/5/19

N2 - This article contributes to distribution system literature on three inter-linked aspects viz. formulation of a novel integrated low-carbon/green distribution system for the demand side of a Supply Chain (SC) with a single product and multiple consumers, i.e. drop-off points, a novel and robust solution approach through a Design of Experiment (DoE)-guided Multiple-Objective Particle Swarm Optimisation (MOPSO) optimiser and exhaustive analysis of the solutions (i.e. prioritisation, ranking and scenario analysis). The total costs, CO2 emission and the traversed distances of the vehicles during transportation are optimised. The optimisation model for the strategic decision-making is formulated by effectively integrating the 0–1 mixed-integer programming with a green constraint based on Analytic Hierarchy Process. Due to the computationally NP-hard characteristic of the model, a systematic and technically robust DoE-guided solution approach is designed using a commercial solver – modeFRONTIER®. DoE guides the solution through the MOPSO optimiser in order to eliminate the un-realistic set of feasible and optimal solution sets. A popular multi-attribute decision-making approach, TOPSIS, evaluates the solutions found from the Pareto optimal solution space of the solver. Finally, decision-makers’ preferences are analysed for monitoring the changes in the controlling parameters with respect to the changes in the decisions. A scenario analysis of the events by considering alternative possible outcomes is also conducted. It is found that the implemented methodology successfully routes the vehicles with optimal costs and low-carbon emission thus contributing to greening the environment on the demand side of a SC network.

AB - This article contributes to distribution system literature on three inter-linked aspects viz. formulation of a novel integrated low-carbon/green distribution system for the demand side of a Supply Chain (SC) with a single product and multiple consumers, i.e. drop-off points, a novel and robust solution approach through a Design of Experiment (DoE)-guided Multiple-Objective Particle Swarm Optimisation (MOPSO) optimiser and exhaustive analysis of the solutions (i.e. prioritisation, ranking and scenario analysis). The total costs, CO2 emission and the traversed distances of the vehicles during transportation are optimised. The optimisation model for the strategic decision-making is formulated by effectively integrating the 0–1 mixed-integer programming with a green constraint based on Analytic Hierarchy Process. Due to the computationally NP-hard characteristic of the model, a systematic and technically robust DoE-guided solution approach is designed using a commercial solver – modeFRONTIER®. DoE guides the solution through the MOPSO optimiser in order to eliminate the un-realistic set of feasible and optimal solution sets. A popular multi-attribute decision-making approach, TOPSIS, evaluates the solutions found from the Pareto optimal solution space of the solver. Finally, decision-makers’ preferences are analysed for monitoring the changes in the controlling parameters with respect to the changes in the decisions. A scenario analysis of the events by considering alternative possible outcomes is also conducted. It is found that the implemented methodology successfully routes the vehicles with optimal costs and low-carbon emission thus contributing to greening the environment on the demand side of a SC network.

KW - Supply chain network

U2 - 10.1080/00207543.2013.864054

DO - 10.1080/00207543.2013.864054

M3 - Article

VL - 52

SP - 3074

EP - 3096

JO - International Journal of Production Research

JF - International Journal of Production Research

SN - 0020-7543

IS - 10

ER -