Integration of 3D printing and Industry 4.0 into engineering teaching

siew hui chong, Guan-Ting Pan, Jit Kai Chin, Pau Loke Show , Thomas Kuang Yang Chung , Chao-Ming Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Citations (Scopus)


The rapid emergence of Industry 4.0 implies that our engineering graduates need to acquire new competences to adapt to the digital transformation. This paper evaluates the benefits of integrating 3D printing and Industry 4.0 into engineering undergraduate programs. Surveys were conducted to gather the feedbacks and views from academics and students. 75% and 86% of the participating students and lecturers, respectively, have heard about Industry 4.0. 63% of the students were exposed to modules with such elements. Tangible 3D-printed models enable visualization of fundamental theories and concepts. Enhanced 3D drawing skills and rapid 3D-printed prototypes can greatly help students study common processing equipment, manufacturing, maintenance, logistics, and operations. Some limitations were identified such as budgeting, lack of knowledge, and difficulty in changing from traditional pedagogy. This paper thus proposes a blended learning model for integrating Industry 4.0 into engineering teaching, which consists of traditional, online learning, and flipped classroom approaches. Implementation of the model can be started off with cross-multidisciplinary collaborations or expert-led training for the instructors, followed by traditional face-to-face teaching and online learning. Flipped classroom is one of the essential components of the model which encourages learning-by-making approaches such as ‘bring your own device’ and ‘do it yourself’. Integrating Industry 4.0 into engineering teaching can create a student-based learning environment, where students are gradually trained to become proactive and lifelong learners who are more conscious of the environment and economy.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3960
Number of pages13
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2018


Dive into the research topics of 'Integration of 3D printing and Industry 4.0 into engineering teaching'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this