The study set out to examine intentions to engage in counselling among at-risk Irish government employees and the differential utility of two alternative theory of planned behaviour (TPB) models of behaviour to explain intentions to participate in counselling. Individuals (N=259) employed in a front-line, at-risk occupation for the Irish government completed a TPB-based questionnaire. Quantitative analyses revealed that participants held positive to neutral intentions to participate in counselling, irrespective of gender. The original TPB model explained 49.9% of variance in intentions whereas an alternative TPB model, splitting the perceived behavioural control (PBC) construct between its internal and external control components, explained a further 8.9% of variance. Furthermore, self-efficacy was found to be the strongest predictor of intentions. This study therefore supports the use of the TPB in understanding counselling-seeking behaviour.
Hyland, P., McLaughlin, C., Boduszek, D., & Prentice, G. (2012). Intentions to participate in counselling among front-line, at-risk Irish government employees: an application of the theory of planned behaviour. British Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 40(3), 279-299. https://doi.org/10.1080/03069885.2012.681769